Home » Ratings

2016 Kia Optima

Midsize car
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
    G
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
with optional
equipment

Headlights
P

Child Seat Anchors (LATCH)
ease of use
A

Check for NHTSA recalls
Model year Front overlap Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention
Small Moderate
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2015
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2014
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2013
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2012
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
A
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
A
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
A
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
A
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
A
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
2005
A
P
P
Crash avoidance rating
2004
A
P
P
Crash avoidance rating
2003
A
P
P
Crash avoidance rating
2002
A
P
P
Crash avoidance rating
2001
A
P
P
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Hyundai Sonata was redesigned for the 2015 model year. Beginning with 2016 models, the driver's seat belt was modified, and front suspension changes were made to alter wheel movement during small overlap frontal crashes. Later, beginning with 2016 models built after October 2015, the structure was reinforced at the junction between the door sill and hinge pillar to improve occupant protection in small overlap crashes. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.)

The Kia Optima was redesigned for the 2016 model year and is now built on the same platform as the Hyundai Sonata. All 2016 Optimas include equivalent modifications made on Sonatas built after October 2015.

Structure

The driver space was maintained reasonably well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 14 cm at the lower hinge pillar. Upper interior intrusion measured 9-11 cm at the hinge pillar and instrument panel.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left foot would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2016 Hyundai Sonata Eco 4-door
Weight 3,237 lbs.
Side airbags Front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted side torso aribags
Wheelbase 110 in.
Length 192 in.
Width 73 in.
Engine 1.6 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 28 mpg city / 38 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1549
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 14
Footrest (cm) 7
Left toepan (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Parking brake (cm) 13
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 3
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 4
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 11
Upper dash (cm) 11
Lower instrument panel (cm) 9

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1549
Head
HIC-15 152
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 7
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 18
Femur (kN)
Left 2.7
Right 0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 5
Right 3
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.76
Right 0.43
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.3
Right 0.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 193
Right 44

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Kia Optima was redesigned for the 2016 model year and the Hyundai Sonata was redesigned for the 2015 model year (the two cars are now built on the same platform). Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2016 Optima conducted by Hyundai/Kia as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain and side thorax airbags deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2016 Kia Optima SX 4-door
Weight 3,514 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 110 in.
Length 191 in.
Width 72 in.
Engine 2.0 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1605
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 4
Left (cm) 7
Center (cm) 7
Right (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 6
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -2
Rearward (cm) -2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1605
Head
HIC-15 121
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 22
Maximum Nij 0.24
Chest maximum compression (mm) 28
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.7
Femur force - right (kN) 0.8
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.27
Maximum tibia index - right 0.27
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.8
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 39
Right 38

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Kia Optima was redesigned for the 2016 model year and the Hyundai Sonata was redesigned for the 2015 model year (the two cars are now built on the same platform). Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2016 Optima conducted by Hyundai/Kia as part of side crash test verification.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2016 Kia Optima LX 4-door
Weight 3,247 lbs.
Side airbags standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 110 in.
Length 191 in.
Width 72 in.
Engine 2.4 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 24 mpg city / 35 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1605
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-19.0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1605
Head HIC-15 189
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Compression (kN) 0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 25
Lateral force (kN) 1.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 29
Average deflection (mm) 26
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.05
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.32
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.5
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.9
Combined force (kN) 4.2
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 133
A-P moment (Nm) 39

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1605
Head HIC-15 172
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 21
Lateral force (kN) 0.9
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 42
Average deflection (mm) 29
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.70
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.68
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.7
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.8
Combined force (kN) 3.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 51
A-P moment (Nm) -27

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 3,285 lbs
Peak force 17,046 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.19
Tested vehicle
Rating applies to both the Hyundai Sonata (tested) and the structurally similar Kia Optima.
2015 Hyundai Sonata SE 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power cloth seat

How this test is conducted

Seat type Power cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 30
Distance below top of head (mm) 14
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 13.1
Head contact time (ms) 58
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 9
Max neck tension (N) 668

Applies to 2016 models

System details

  • Optional Autonomous Emergency Braking

Package name

  • Optional SX Technology Package

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Superior
with optional
equipment
6 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
3 points

How this rating is determined

Ratings are given for 4 different headlight variations available for this vehicle.
Trim level(s)
  • LX trim
  • LX 1.6T trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Excessive glare

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp right curve and inadequate on the gradual right and both left curves.

Glare from the low beams was excessive on the straightaway.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right curve and inadequate on the sharp right and both left curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • EX trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen projector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Excessive glare

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

Glare from the low beams was excessive on the straightaway.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • SX trim
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type HID projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Excessive glare

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves, fair on the sharp left curve and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

Glare from the low beams was excessive on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair in all 4 tests.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • SX trim equipped with Technology package
  • SX Limited trim
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type HID projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? Yes
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Excessive glare

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves, fair on the sharp left curve and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

Glare from the low beams was excessive on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair in all 4 tests.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • LX trim
  • LX 1.6T trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge 91.1 m No
Straightaway left edge 49.8 m No
250m radius right curve, right edge 53.3 m Yes
250m radius left curve, left edge 44.8 m Yes
150m radius right curve, right edge 49.0 m Yes
150m radius left curve, left edge 43.9 m Yes
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 169.4 m
Straightaway left edge 151.6 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 67.7 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 62.4 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 54.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 52.1 m

Trim level(s)
  • EX trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge 90.5 m No
Straightaway left edge 47.9 m No
250m radius right curve, right edge 55.8 m Yes
250m radius left curve, left edge 45.2 m Yes
150m radius right curve, right edge 50.1 m Yes
150m radius left curve, left edge 44.9 m Yes
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 178.7 m
Straightaway left edge 146.0 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 62.7 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 55.7 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 52.6 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 47.7 m

Trim level(s)
  • SX trim
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type HID projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge 112.2 m No
Straightaway left edge 53.0 m No
250m radius right curve, right edge 71.9 m No
250m radius left curve, left edge 54.6 m No
150m radius right curve, right edge 66.5 m No
150m radius left curve, left edge 52.0 m No
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 135.6 m
Straightaway left edge 121.8 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 71.3 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 68.7 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 59.7 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 56.9 m

Trim level(s)
  • SX trim equipped with Technology package
  • SX Limited trim
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type HID projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge 112.2 m No
Straightaway left edge 53.0 m No
250m radius right curve, right edge 71.9 m No
250m radius left curve, left edge 54.6 m No
150m radius right curve, right edge 66.5 m No
150m radius left curve, left edge 52.0 m No
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 135.6 m
Straightaway left edge 121.8 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 71.3 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 68.7 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 59.7 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 56.9 m

Applies to 2016 models

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

A
Vehicle trim LX
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 17
Clearance angle (degrees) 61
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 22
Clearance angle (degrees) 58
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 16
Clearance angle (degrees) 63
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 17
Clearance angle (degrees) 69
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Applies to 2016 models

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

A
Vehicle trim SX Limited
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 12
Clearance angle (degrees) 59
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 14
Clearance angle (degrees) 56
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 20
Clearance angle (degrees) 59
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 22
Clearance angle (degrees) 60
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver knee airbag: a separate airbag in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Electronic stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights

©1996-2016, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org