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2009 Hyundai Sonata

Midsize car
Crashworthiness
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    A
  • Roof strength
    M
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

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The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Front overlap Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention
Small Moderate
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2015
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2014
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2013
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2012
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
A
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
A
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
A
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
A
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
A
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
2005
A
P
P
Crash avoidance rating
2004
A
P
P
Crash avoidance rating
2003
A
P
P
Crash avoidance rating
2002
A
P
P
Crash avoidance rating
2001
A
P
P
Crash avoidance rating
2000
A
P
Crash avoidance rating
1999
A
P
Crash avoidance rating
1998
P
Crash avoidance rating
1997
P
Crash avoidance rating
1996
P
Crash avoidance rating
1995
P
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2006-10 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
A
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Hyundai Sonata was redesigned for the 2006 model year.

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated the crashworthiness of the Sonata in two 40 mph frontal offset crash tests into deformable barriers.

During the first test, the driver seat back failed to maintain its adjustment in its locked precrash position, resulting in forward rotation of the seat back into the inflated airbag. The seat back then moved rearward and after the crash was found in a semi-reclined position. Postcrash inspection showed the lap portion of the driver lap/shoulder belt was partially caught beneath the seat back adjustment lever and had likely activated the lever during the crash.

Starting on August 1, 2005, Hyundai put into production a new seat back adjustment lever designed to minimize interaction with the seat belt and ensure the belt cannot slide between the lever and the plastic trim on the side of the seat. Hyundai has recalled all 2006 Sonatas manufactured before August 1 to replace the levers at its cost.

A second test was conducted to assess the effect of the fix. Hyundai sent the Institute a replacement seat back adjustment lever that was retrofitted in a Sonata produced before August 1, 2005. In the second test, the seat back remained in place.

The evaluation of the Sonata is based on the second test, except for the structural rating, which is based both tests.

Injury measures

In the second test, measures taken from the head, chest, and legs indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. Forces on the neck when the head hit the roof rail indicate that neck injuries would be possible. Head acceleration from the roof rail hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled in the second test. During rebound, the dummy’s head hit the roof rail.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2006 Hyundai Sonata GLS 4-door
Weight 3,525 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 107 in.
Length 189 in.
Width 72 in.
Engine 3.3 L V6
EPA ratings 20 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0525 CEF0526
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 8 10
Left (cm) 10 9
Center (cm) 15 16
Right (cm) 9 10
Brake pedal (cm) 12 12
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 5 6
Right (cm) 6 7
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 5 6
Rearward (cm) 2 5
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1 2

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF0526
Head
HIC-15 212
Peak gs at hard contact 44
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 12
Maximum Nij 0.68
Chest maximum compression (mm) 37
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.9
Femur force - right (kN) 4.3
Knee displacement - left (mm) 7
Knee displacement - right (mm) 6
Maximum tibia index - left 0.44
Maximum tibia index - right 0.68
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.6
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 87
Right 45

Applies to 2006-10 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
M
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
A
Pelvis/leg
P
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Hyundai Sonata was redesigned for the 2006 model year.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that a fracture of the pelvis would be likely in a crash of this severity. Rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries would also be possible.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2006 Hyundai Sonata GLS 4-door
Weight 3,541 lbs.
Side airbags standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 107 in.
Length 189 in.
Width 72 in.
Engine 3.3 L V6
EPA ratings 20 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0520
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-1.0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0520
Head HIC-15 294
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 48
Lateral force (kN) 1.9
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 49
Average deflection (mm) 39
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 6.60
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 1.17
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 4.6
Acetabulum force (kN) 3.2
Combined force (kN) 7.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.4
L-M moment (Nm) 65
A-P moment (Nm) 44

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0520
Head HIC-15 174
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 29
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 35
Average deflection (mm) 31
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.22
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.54
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.6
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.4
Combined force (kN) 3.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.4
L-M moment (Nm) 89
A-P moment (Nm) -52

Applies to 2006-10 models

Overall evaluation
M
Curb weight 3,312 lbs
Peak force 10,332 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 3.12
Tested vehicle
2009 Hyundai Sonata GLS 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2006-09 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual cloth seats AHR

How this test is conducted

Seat type Manual cloth seats AHR
Geometry
Backset (mm) 45
Distance below top of head (mm) 55
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 10.1
Head contact time (ms) 64
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 59
Max neck tension (N) 585
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Electronic stability control
3
Antilock brakes

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