Applies to 2006-10 models
|Structure and safety cage|
|Restraints and dummy kinematics|
|Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.
The Hyundai Sonata was redesigned for the 2006 model year.
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated the crashworthiness of the Sonata in two 40 mph frontal offset crash tests into deformable barriers.
During the first test, the driver seat back failed to maintain its adjustment in its locked precrash position, resulting in forward rotation of the seat back into the inflated airbag. The seat back then moved rearward and after the crash was found in a semi-reclined position. Postcrash inspection showed the lap portion of the driver lap/shoulder belt was partially caught beneath the seat back adjustment lever and had likely activated the lever during the crash.
Starting on August 1, 2005, Hyundai put into production a new seat back adjustment lever designed to minimize interaction with the seat belt and ensure the belt cannot slide between the lever and the plastic trim on the side of the seat. Hyundai has recalled all 2006 Sonatas manufactured before August 1 to replace the levers at its cost.
A second test was conducted to assess the effect of the fix. Hyundai sent the Institute a replacement seat back adjustment lever that was retrofitted in a Sonata produced before August 1, 2005. In the second test, the seat back remained in place.
The evaluation of the Sonata is based on the second test, except for the structural rating, which is based both tests.
In the second test, measures taken from the head, chest, and legs indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. Forces on the neck when the head hit the roof rail indicate that neck injuries would be possible. Head acceleration from the roof rail hit was low.
Restraints and dummy kinematics
Dummy movement was well controlled in the second test. During rebound, the dummy’s head hit the roof rail.
Tested vehicle specifications
|Tested vehicle||2006 Hyundai Sonata GLS 4-door|
|Weight|| 3,535 lbs.|
|Side airbags||front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags|
|Engine||3.3 L V6|
|EPA ratings||20 mpg city / 30 mpg highway|
How this test is conducted
Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side
|Brake pedal (cm)||12||12|
|Instrument panel rearward movement|
|Steering column movement|
|A-pillar rearward movement (cm)||1||2|
Driver injury measures
|Peak gs at hard contact||44.000000|
|Tension (kN)||1.2 |
|Extension bending moment (Nm)||12 |
|Maximum Nij ||0.68 |
|Chest maximum compression (mm)||37 |
force - left
force - right
displacement - left
|Knee displacement - right (mm)||6 |
index - left||0.44 |
index - right||0.68 |
force - left
force - right
|Foot acceleration (g)|