Applies to 2016 models built before November 2015
|Structure and safety cage|
|Restraints and dummy kinematics|
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.
The Hyundai Sonata was redesigned for the 2015 model year. Beginning with 2016 models, the driver's seat belt was modified, and front suspension changes were made to alter wheel movement during small overlap frontal crashes. The changes, however, weren’t enough to improve the Sonata's performance in the small overlap test.
The driver space was maintained reasonably well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 19 cm at the lower hinge pillar. Upper interior intrusion measured 11-13 cm at the hinge pillar and instrument panel.
Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left lower leg would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.
Restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s face remained in contact with the frontal airbag, but its head still rolled around the left side as the steering column moved 11 cm to the right, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward structure. Additionally, the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the dummy’s head and torso. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.
Tested vehicle specifications
|Tested vehicle||2016 Hyundai Sonata Eco 4-door|
|Weight|| 3,263 lbs.|
|Side airbags||Front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted side torso aribags|
|Engine||1.6 L turbocharged 4-cylinder|
|EPA ratings||28 mpg city / 38 mpg highway|
How this test is conducted
Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side
|Lower occupant compartment|
|Lower hinge pillar max (cm)||19|
|Left toepan (cm)||4|
|Brake pedal (cm)||3|
|Parking brake (cm)||13|
|Rocker panel lateral average (cm)||1|
|Upper occupant compartment|
|Upper hinge pillar max (cm)||11|
|Upper dash (cm)||13|
|Lower instrument panel (cm)||11|
Driver injury measures
|Peak gs at hard contact||no contact |
|Tension (kN)||1.4 |
|Extension bending moment (Nm)||8 |
|Maximum Nij ||0.26 |
|Chest maximum compression (mm)||20 |
|Knee displacement (mm)|
|Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)|
|Maximum tibia index|
|Tibia axial force (kN)|
|Foot acceleration (g)|