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2005 Hyundai Elantra

Small car
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    P
  • Head restraints & seats
    P
1
Side airbags: front seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags
2
Antilock brakes (optional)
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
A
G
G
G
G
2013
A
G
G
G
G
2012
A
G
G
G
G
2011
A
G
G
G
G
2010
G
G
G
2009
G
M
A
2008
G
M
A
2007
G
M
A
2006
G
P
P
2005
G
P
P
2004
G
P
P
2003
P
P
P
2002
P
P
P
2001
P
P
P
2000
A
1999
A
1998
A
1997
A
1996
A

Applies to 2004-06 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
A
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Hyundai Elantra was redesigned for the 2001 model year. The Institute evaluated the 2001 Elantra and identified a problem with the airbag system. The driver frontal airbag fired late in two crashes resulting in high head injury measures.

All 2004 and later Elantra models have redesigned driver frontal airbags and all 2004 and later Elantras manufactured after August 2003 also include redesigned passenger frontal airbags (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door). At the request of Hyundai, the Institute agreed to test the 2004 Elantra with the redesigned airbag system.

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated the crashworthiness of the 2004 Elantra with the redesigned driver and passenger airbags in three 40 mph frontal offset crash tests into deformable barriers. A fuel leak occurred in the first test. Hyundai identified a fuel hose clamp that was improperly positioned, which led to puncturing of the fuel tank during the crash. Hyundai has recalled the affected models to reposition the hose clamp. A second test was conducted to assess the effect of the fix.

In the second test, no fuel leakage occurred, but the driver frontal airbag failed to deploy. This led Hyundai to modify the frontal airbag deployment characteristics beginning with 2005 models produced after December, 2004. Also, Hyundai will initiate a recall to modify at its cost 2004-05 models produced earlier. The Institute tested a third Elantra with the modified airbags, and the driver airbag inflated properly.

The evaluation of the Elantra below is based on the first and third tests, except for the structural rating, which is based on all three tests.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the neck and chest indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in the first and third tests in a crash of this severity. A high head acceleration occurred when the dummy's head hit the steering wheel through the airbag, indicating that head injuries would be possible. Head acceleration from the B-pillar hit was high in the first test but low in the third test. Forces on the right tibia in the third test indicate that injuries to the lower leg would be possible.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was reasonably well controlled in the first test and well controlled in the third test. During rebound in both tests, the dummy's head hit the B-pillar.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2004 Hyundai Elantra GLS 4-door
Weight 2,894 lbs.
Side airbagsfront seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags
Wheelbase103 in.
Length178 in.
Width68 in.
Engine2.0 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings24 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF0410CEF0416CEF0421
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)121012
Left (cm)161418
Center (cm)121215
Right (cm)91113
Brake pedal (cm)678
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)456
Right (cm)356
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)-3-3-1
Rearward (cm)0-4-4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)234

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF0410CEF0421
Head
HIC-15288302
Peak gs at hard contact117 74
Neck
Tension (kN)1.2 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm)26 18
Maximum Nij 0.26 0.26
Chest maximum compression (mm)28 23
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)1.1 2.6
Femur force - right (kN)5.5 6.7
Knee displacement - left (mm)0 0
Knee displacement - right (mm)6 12
Maximum tibia index - left0.55 0.71
Maximum tibia index - right0.68 1.00
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.71.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN)2.96.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left7252
Right9299

Applies to 2001-06 models

Overall evaluation
P
Structure and safety cage
M
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
P
Pelvis/leg
A
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
A
Torso
A
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
M
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Hyundai Elantra was redesigned for the 2001 model year.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries would be likely in a crash of this severity. A left femur fracture also would be possible.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that head injuries plus rib fractures would be possible in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — The dummy's head was hit by the window frame, glass, and sill of the rear passenger door, producing moderately high head injury measures.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2005 Hyundai Elantra GLS 4-door
Weight 2,892 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags
Wheelbase103 in.
Length178 in.
Width68 in.
Engine2.0 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings24 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0503
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-2.0

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0503
Head HIC-15301
Neck
Tension (kN)1.0
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)44
Lateral force (kN)1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)55
Average deflection (mm)44
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)7.22
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)1.70
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)2.7
Acetabulum force (kN)2.4
Combined force (kN)5.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.4
L-M moment (Nm)255
A-P moment (Nm) 38

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0503
Head HIC-15662
Neck
Tension (kN)2.1
Compression (kN)0.6
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)43
Lateral force (kN)1.9
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)45
Average deflection (mm)42
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)4.02
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.91
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.1
Acetabulum force (kN)2.9
Combined force (kN)3.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN)1.2
L-M moment (Nm)169
A-P moment (Nm) -57

Applies to 2001-06 models

Overall evaluation
P
Dynamic rating
P
Seat/head restraint geometry
A
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

All seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typeAll seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)82
Distance below top of head (mm)62
Seat design parameters
Pass/failFail
Max T1 acceleration (g)14.3
Head contact time (ms)110
Force ratingHigh
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)427
Max neck tension (N)1,490

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