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2002 Hyundai Elantra

Small car
  • Moderate overlap front
    P
  • Side
    P
  • Head restraints & seats
    P
2001 Hyundai Elantra shown
2001 Hyundai Elantra shown
1
Side airbags: front seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags
2
Antilock brakes (optional)
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
A
G
G
G
G
2013
A
G
G
G
G
2012
A
G
G
G
G
2011
A
G
G
G
G
2010
G
G
G
2009
G
M
A
2008
G
M
A
2007
G
M
A
2006
G
P
P
2005
G
P
P
2004
G
P
P
2003
P
P
P
2002
P
P
P
2001
P
P
P
2000
A
1999
A
1998
A
1997
A
1996
A

Applies to 2001-03 models

Overall evaluation
P
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
P
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
M
Leg/foot, right
M
Restraints and dummy kinematics
P
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Hyundai Elantra was redesigned for the 2001 model year.

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated the crashworthiness of the Elantra in three 40 mph frontal offset crash tests into deformable barriers. After the first test, Hyundai indicated the dummy's lower leg injury measures were different from those recorded in tests the company had conducted and requested a retest. Results of the second test were somewhat improved for lower leg injuries, but a high right foot acceleration occurred. More significantly, the airbag deployed late, contributing to poor head injury measures. A third test was conducted after Hyundai could find no evidence of a problem in the airbag deployment sensing system and suggested the late deployment might have been anomalous. However, the airbag also deployed late in the third test. Due to the similarity of results, the evaluation of the Hyundai Elantra is based on all three tests.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the chest in all three tests indicate a low risk of injuries to this body region in a crash of this severity. In all three tests, forces on the head indicate that injuries to the head would be likely. In the second and third tests, forces on the neck indicate that injuries to the neck would be possible. A high head acceleration occurred when the head hit the B-pillar in the third test, indicating that another injury to the head would be possible. In all three tests, forces on both tibias indicate that injuries to the lower legs would be possible. Forces on the right foot in the second test indicate that injuries to the right foot would be likely.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

In the first test, dummy movement was reasonably well controlled, although the dummy's head did hit the steering wheel through the frontal airbag. During rebound, the deployed side airbag kept the dummy's head away from the B-pillar. In the second test, the frontal airbag deployed late (76 milliseconds, compared with a typical 30 milliseconds), and the dummy's head hit the steering wheel. Also, the driver seat came loose on one of its tracks and moved forward 3 inches on the right side, where the safety belt is anchored. Both of the dummy's legs jammed against the instrument panel. The left shin contacted an exposed metal edge, and the right knee hit just below the ignition switch, producing gashes in the "vinyl" skin at the dummy's left shin and right knee. During rebound, the deployed side airbag kept the dummy's head away from the B-pillar. In the third test, the frontal airbag also deployed late (64 milliseconds), and the dummy's head hit the steering wheel through the airbag. The side airbag did not deploy in this test, and during rebound the dummy's head hit the B-pillar.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2001 Hyundai Elantra GLS 4-door
Weight 2,875 lbs.
Side airbagsfront seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags
Wheelbase103 in.
Length177 in.
Width68 in.
Engine2.0 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings24 mpg city / 33 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF0103CEF0112CF00034
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)111314
Left (cm)191923
Center (cm)161617
Right (cm)141413
Brake pedal (cm)101011
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)245
Right (cm)444
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)335
Rearward (cm)-2-2-2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)343

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF0103CEF0112CF00034
Head
HIC-15921702547
Peak gs at hard contact100 174 122
Neck
Tension (kN)3.4 3.2 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm)20 53 14
Maximum Nij 0.53 0.82 0.27
Chest maximum compression (mm)33 35 29
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)3.7 3.4 2.8
Femur force - right (kN)3.4 3.0 4.0
Knee displacement - left (mm)3 0 0
Knee displacement - right (mm)5 0 2
Maximum tibia index - left0.83 0.89 1.45
Maximum tibia index - right0.77 0.82 1.09
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.01.72.5
Tibia axial force - right (kN)7.05.26.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left625662
Right67689109

Applies to 2001-06 models

Overall evaluation
P
Structure and safety cage
M
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
P
Pelvis/leg
A
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
A
Torso
A
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
M
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Hyundai Elantra was redesigned for the 2001 model year.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries would be likely in a crash of this severity. A left femur fracture also would be possible.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that head injuries plus rib fractures would be possible in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — The dummy's head was hit by the window frame, glass, and sill of the rear passenger door, producing moderately high head injury measures.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2005 Hyundai Elantra GLS 4-door
Weight 2,892 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags
Wheelbase103 in.
Length178 in.
Width68 in.
Engine2.0 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings24 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES0503
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-2.0

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES0503
Head HIC-15301
Neck
Tension (kN)1.0
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)44
Lateral force (kN)1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)55
Average deflection (mm)44
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)7.22
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)1.70
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)2.7
Acetabulum force (kN)2.4
Combined force (kN)5.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.4
L-M moment (Nm)255
A-P moment (Nm) 38

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES0503
Head HIC-15662
Neck
Tension (kN)2.1
Compression (kN)0.6
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)43
Lateral force (kN)1.9
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)45
Average deflection (mm)42
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)4.02
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.91
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.1
Acetabulum force (kN)2.9
Combined force (kN)3.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN)1.2
L-M moment (Nm)169
A-P moment (Nm) -57

Applies to 2001-06 models

Overall evaluation
P
Dynamic rating
P
Seat/head restraint geometry
A
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

All seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typeAll seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)82
Distance below top of head (mm)62
Seat design parameters
Pass/failFail
Max T1 acceleration (g)14.3
Head contact time (ms)110
Force ratingHigh
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)427
Max neck tension (N)1,490

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