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2017 GMC Canyon

Small pickup
2016 GMC Canyon shown
2016 GMC Canyon shown
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
  • Driver-side
    A
  • Passenger-side
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    A
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
with optional
equipment

Headlights
P

Check for NHTSA recalls

The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Small overlap front Moderate overlap front Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention Headlights LATCH ease of use
Driver Passenger
2018
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
P
2017
A
G
A
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
P
2016
G
A
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
P
2015
G
A
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2012
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2005
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2004
G
M
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2017 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
A
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
P
Restraints and dummy kinematics
A
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Chevrolet Colorado and GMC Canyon Extended Cab were redesigned for the 2015 model year after a two-year absence from the market. Beginning with the 2017 model year, the A-pillar, door lower hinge pillar, and door sill were reinforced to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes. Driver-side small overlap ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by General Motors as part of frontal crash test verification.

Structure

The driver space was maintained reasonably well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 19 cm at the footrest. Upper interior intrusion measured 9-10 cm at the instrument panel and upper hinge pillar.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the right lower leg would be likely in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s face remained in contact with the frontal airbag, but its head still rolled around the left side because the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the head and torso. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2017 Chevrolet Colorado Z71 Extended Cab 2wd
Weight 4,290 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 128 in.
Length 213 in.
Width 74 in.
Engine 3.6 L V6
EPA ratings 18 mpg city / 25 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTN1703
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 13
Footrest (cm) 19
Left toepan (cm) 18
Brake pedal (cm) 12
Parking brake (cm) 15
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 6
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 2
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 10
Upper dash (cm) 10
Lower instrument panel (cm) 9

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTN1703
Head
HIC-15 121
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 4
Maximum Nij 0.16
Chest maximum compression (mm) 16
Femur (kN)
Left 0.7
Right 1.6
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 5
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.47
Right 1.36
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.8
Right 5.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 89
Right 94

Applies to 2015-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The GMC Canyon and Chevrolet Colorado Extended Cab were redesigned for the 2015 model year after a two-year absence from the market. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by General Motors as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. After the dummy moved forward into the airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2015 GMC Canyon Extended Cab 2wd
Weight 3,964 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 128 in.
Length 213 in.
Width 74 in.
Engine 2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 20 mpg city / 26 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1704
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 4
Left (cm) 5
Center (cm) 8
Right (cm) 7
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) -6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1704
Head
HIC-15 227
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 12
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.1
Femur force - right (kN) 0.5
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.28
Maximum tibia index - right 0.40
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.6
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 94
Right 52

Applies to 2015-17 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
A
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
M
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Chevrolet Colorado and GMC Canyon Extended Cab were redesigned for the 2015 model year after a two-year absence from the market.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures would be possible in a crash of this severity. In addition, loading to the shoulder was excessive.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2017 Chevrolet Colorado WT Extended Cab 2wd
Weight 4,127 lbs.
Side airbags standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 128 in.
Length 213 in.
Width 74 in.
Engine 3.6 L V6
EPA ratings 18 mpg city / 25 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1706
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-21.0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES1706
Head HIC-15 156
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.5
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 46
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 46
Average deflection (mm) 41
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 5.51
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 1.10
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.7
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.7
Combined force (kN) 4.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.8
L-M moment (Nm) 40
A-P moment (Nm) -22

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES1706
Head HIC-15 186
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 60
Lateral force (kN) 3.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 46
Average deflection (mm) 37
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 5.53
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.97
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.8
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.1
Combined force (kN) 2.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.7
L-M moment (Nm) 116
A-P moment (Nm) -42

Applies to 2015-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 4,102 lbs
Peak force 16,532 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.03
Tested vehicle
2017 Chevrolet Colorado WT Extended Cab 2wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2015-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power cloth seat

How this test is conducted

Seat type Power cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 26
Distance below top of head (mm) 34
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.5
Head contact time (ms) 60
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 15
Max neck tension (N) 414

Applies to 2015-18 models

System details

  • Optional Forward Collisiion Alert

Package name

  • Optional Driver Alert Package

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Basic
with optional
equipment
1 point total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Excessive glare

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the left side of the road and fair on the right side. On curves, visibility was fair on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right curve and inadequate on the sharp right and both left curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-18 models
P
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 88.4 m 368.8 %
Straightaway left edge 59.4 m 368.8 %
250m radius right curve, right edge 58.9 m 178.0 %
250m radius left curve, left edge 50.9 m 257.9 %
150m radius right curve, right edge 46.1 m 288.0 %
150m radius left curve, left edge 41.0 m 126.6 %
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 134.5 m
Straightaway left edge 115.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 66.0 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 64.7 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 50.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 47.7 m

1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Electronic stability control, includes roll stability control
4
Antilock brakes
5
Daytime running lights

©1996-2016, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org