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2016 Ford Fusion

Midsize car
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
  • Driver-side
    A
  • Passenger-side
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
with optional
equipment

Headlights
M
only certain
trims/options

Child Seat Anchors (LATCH)
ease of use
M


Ratings shown are the latest available for this model year.
See below for ratings based on manufacture date.

Check for NHTSA recalls
Model year Small overlap front Moderate overlap front Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention Headlights LATCH ease of use
Driver Passenger
2018
G
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
P
M
2017
G
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
P
M
2016
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
M
M
2015
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
M
2014
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2013
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2012
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
G
A
G
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
G
A
M
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
A
A
M
Crash avoidance rating
2006
A
P
A
M
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2013-16 models built after December 2012

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
A
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
A
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Ford Fusion and Lincoln MKZ were redesigned for the 2013 model year. Beginning with 2013 Fusion models built after early December 2012, structural changes were made to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.) The tested Fusion and all 2013 MKZ models were built after the structural changes were in place.

Structure

The driver space was maintained reasonably well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 16 cm and maximum intrusion of the upper interior of 9 cm.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side and leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward structure. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2013 Ford Fusion SE 4-door
Weight 3,454 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 112 in.
Length 192 in.
Width 73 in.
Engine 2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 34 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1236
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 16
Footrest (cm) 7
Left toepan (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 5
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 5
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 3
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 9
Upper dash (cm) 8
Lower instrument panel (cm) 6

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1236
Head
HIC-15 54
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 12
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 14
Femur (kN)
Left 1.2
Right 0.5
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 4
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.67
Right 0.44
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.3
Right 0.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 41
Right 27

Applies to 2013-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Ford Fusion and Lincoln MKZ were redesigned for the 2013 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a Fusion conducted by Ford as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, it rebounded into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2013 Ford Fusion SEL 4-door
Weight 3,448 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 112 in.
Length 192 in.
Width 73 in.
Engine 1.6-liter turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 23 mpg city / 36 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1207
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 4
Left (cm) 4
Center (cm) 3
Right (cm) 6
Brake pedal (cm) 6
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 3
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) -2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 3

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1207
Head
HIC-15 127
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 20
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.6
Femur force - right (kN) 0.6
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.21
Maximum tibia index - right 0.39
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.0
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 39
Right 35

Applies to 2013-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Ford Fusion and Lincoln MKZ were redesigned for the 2013 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a Fusion conducted by Ford as part of side crash test verification.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2013 Ford Fusion SEL 4-door
Weight 3,382 lbs.
Side airbags standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 112 in.
Length 192 in.
Width 73 in.
Engine 1.6-liter turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 25 mpg city / 37 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1212
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-12.0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1212
Head HIC-15 365
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 40
Lateral force (kN) 1.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 33
Average deflection (mm) 30
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.15
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.33
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.0
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.6
Combined force (kN) 3.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 25
A-P moment (Nm) 69

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1212
Head HIC-15 153
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 38
Lateral force (kN) 1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 35
Average deflection (mm) 24
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.92
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.42
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.6
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.7
Combined force (kN) 3.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 21
A-P moment (Nm) 100

Applies to 2013-18 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 3,411 lbs
Peak force 17,527 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.14
Tested vehicle
2013 Ford Fusion SE 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2013-18 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power cloth seat

How this test is conducted

Seat type Power cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 11
Distance below top of head (mm) 1
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 13.0
Head contact time (ms) 51
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 18
Max neck tension (N) 619

Applies to 2015-16 models

System details

  • Optional Collision Warning with Brake Support

Package name

  • Optional Adaptive Cruise Control and Forward Collision Warning

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Basic
with optional
equipment
1 point total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available for this vehicle.
Trim level(s)
  • SE trim equipped with Driver Assist package
  • Titanium trim equipped with Driver Assist package
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? Yes
Overall rating
M
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the left side of the road and inadequate on the right side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • S trim
  • SE trim
  • Titanium trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the left side of the road and inadequate on the right side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • SE trim equipped with Driver Assist package
  • Titanium trim equipped with Driver Assist package
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
M
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 73.6 m None
Straightaway left edge 48.8 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 44.2 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 42.4 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 36.4 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 34.1 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 134.5 m
Straightaway left edge 131.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 60.8 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 61.5 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 45.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 45.8 m

Trim level(s)
  • S trim
  • SE trim
  • Titanium trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 73.6 m None
Straightaway left edge 48.8 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 44.2 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 42.4 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 36.4 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 34.1 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 134.5 m
Straightaway left edge 131.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 60.8 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 61.5 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 45.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 45.8 m

Applies to 2015-16 models

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

M
Vehicle trim SE
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor and the ability to borrow lower anchors from the other seating positions.

Note: When anchors are borrowed, they aren't available to use in their designated positions.

1 2 3


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
Can be borrowed from 1 and 3
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 21
Clearance angle (degrees) 50
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 29
Clearance angle (degrees) 50
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Lower anchor B
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 35
Clearance angle (degrees) 48
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 24
Clearance angle (degrees) 47
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Driver and front passenger knee airbags: separate airbags in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
3
Inflatable seat belts (optional in outboard rear seats beginning with 2013 MKZ models and 2014 Fusion models)
4
Electronic stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights (optional on vehicles sold to fleets)

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