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2016 Ford Explorer

Midsize SUV
2014 Ford Explorer shown
2014 Ford Explorer shown
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
    M
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G

Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
with optional
equipment

Check for NHTSA recalls
1
Side airbags: head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Passenger knee airbag: a separate airbag in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes (beginning with 2013 models)
4
Inflatable seat belts (optional in second row outboard seats)
5
Electronic stability control, includes roll stability control
6
Antilock brakes
Model year Front overlap SideRoof strengthHead restraints & seatsFront crash prevention
SmallModerate
2016
M
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2015
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2014
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2013
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2012
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
A
A
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
A
A
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
A
P
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
A
P
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
A
P
Crash avoidance rating
2005
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2004
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2003
G
Crash avoidance rating
2002
G
Crash avoidance rating
2001
A
Crash avoidance rating
2000
A
Crash avoidance rating
1999
A
Crash avoidance rating
1998
A
Crash avoidance rating
1997
A
Crash avoidance rating
1996
A
Crash avoidance rating
1995
A
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2013-16 models

Overall evaluation
M
Structure and safety cage
P
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
M
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Ford Explorer was redesigned for the 2011 model year. Beginning with 2013 models, the seat belts and airbags were modified to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes.

Structure

The driver's space was seriously compromised by intruding structure. Lower interior intrusion measured as much as 34 cm at the lower hinge pillar. Upper interior intrusion measured 26 cm at the hinge pillar and 20-23 cm at the instrument panel. The steering column was pushed back 13 cm toward the driver.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left knee and lower leg would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side as the steering column moved 17 cm to the right, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward structure and allowing little airbag cushioning for the chest. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2014 Ford Explorer XLT 4-door 4wd
Weight 4,658 lbs.
Side airbagshead curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase113 in.
Length197 in.
Width79 in.
Engine3.5 L V6
EPA ratings17 mpg city / 23 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1402
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)34
Footrest (cm)11
Left toepan (cm)9
Brake pedal (cm)8
Parking brake (cm)18
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)4
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column13
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)26
Upper dash (cm)23
Lower instrument panel (cm)20

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1402
Head
HIC-1593
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm)14
Maximum Nij 0.27
Chest maximum compression (mm)23
Femur (kN)
Left3.7
Right2.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left14
Right3
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left1
Right0
Maximum tibia index
Left0.87
Right0.61
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left2.2
Right0.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left63
Right93

Applies to 2011-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Ford Explorer was redesigned for the 2011 model year and now shares the same basic design as the Ford Flex. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Ford as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2011 Ford Explorer XLT 4-door 4wd
Weight 4,765 lbs.
Side airbagshead curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase113 in.
Length197 in.
Width79 in.
Engine3.5 L V6
EPA ratings17 mpg city / 23 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTF1014
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)5
Left (cm)8
Center (cm)16
Right (cm)14
Brake pedal (cm)9
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)5
Right (cm)5
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)-1
Rearward (cm)0
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)0

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTF1014
Head
HIC-15261
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm)8
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm)31
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)0.6
Femur force - right (kN)3.0
Knee displacement - left (mm)5
Knee displacement - right (mm)2
Maximum tibia index - left0.18
Maximum tibia index - right0.60
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.0
Tibia axial force - right (kN)1.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left65
Right91

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Ford Explorer was redesigned for the 2011 model year. Beginning with 2016 models, the front and rear door trim and the front seat-mounted side torso airbags were modified to improve occupant protection in side impact crashes. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Ford as part of side crash test verification.

Because there were no changes to the vehicle's structure since 2011, the structure rating is based on both this test and an earlier test of a 2011 model Explorer conducted by Ford under the test verification procedure.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side torso airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2016 Ford Explorer 4-door 4wd
Weight 4,765 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase113 in.
Length197 in.
Width79 in.
Engine3.5 L V6
EPA ratings16 mpg city / 23 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTS1502VTS1013
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-20.5-23.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTS1502
Head HIC-1588
Neck
Tension (kN)1.0
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)21
Lateral force (kN)1.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)31
Average deflection (mm)23
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)2.40
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.30
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.6
Acetabulum force (kN)1.5
Combined force (kN)2.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.4
L-M moment (Nm)105
A-P moment (Nm) 17

Passenger injury measures

Test IDVTS1502
Head HIC-1563
Neck
Tension (kN)0.1
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)22
Lateral force (kN)1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)23
Average deflection (mm)19
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.20
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.30
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.3
Acetabulum force (kN)1.6
Combined force (kN)1.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.2
L-M moment (Nm)38
A-P moment (Nm) 22

Applies to 2011-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight4,661 lbs
Peak force21,347 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio4.58
Tested vehicle
2011 Ford Explorer XLT 4-door 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2014-16 models

System details

  • Optional Collision Warning

Package name

  • Optional 302A + Adaptive Cruise Control for 2014 models
  • optional Adaptive Cruise Control and Forward Collision Warning for 2015 models

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Basic
with optional
equipment
1 point total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

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