Home » Ratings » Ford Escape » 2013

2013 Ford Escape

Small SUV

Crashworthiness
Front crash
prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Not Available
  • Small overlap front
    P
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver knee airbag: a separate airbag in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Inflatable seat belts (optional in outboard rear seats)
5
Electronic stability control, includes roll stability control
6
Antilock brakes
7
Daytime running lights (optional on vehicles sold to fleets)
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
P
G
G
G
G
2013
P
G
G
G
G
2012
G
G
M
G
2011
G
G
M
G
2010
G
G
M
G
2009
G
G
M
G
2008
A
G
M
A
2007
A
G
P
A
2006
A
G
P
A
2005
A
G
P
A
2004
M
G
P
2003
M
G
P
2002
M
G
P
2001
M
G
P

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
P
Structure and safety cage
P
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
P
Lower leg/foot
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
M
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2013 model year.

Structure

The driver's space was seriously compromised by intruding structure. Upper interior intrusion measured as much as 25 cm at the hinge pillar and 20 cm at the instrument panel. Lower interior intrusion measured as much as 17 cm at the hinge pillar.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left hip would be likely in a crash of this severity and injuries to the left and right lower legs would be possible.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side as the steering column moved to the right, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward side structure. Additionally, the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the dummy’s head and torso. The side curtain airbag deployed but does not have sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Ford Escape SE 4wd
Weight 3,644 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase106 in.
Length178 in.
Width72 in.
Engine1.6 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1222
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)17
Footrest (cm)11
Lower occupant compartment
Left toepan (cm)11
Brake pedal (cm)4
Parking brake (cm)0
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)4
Steering column10
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)25
Upper occupant compartment
Upper dash (cm)20
Lower instrument panel (cm)11

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1222
Head
HIC-15122
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.6
Extension bending moment (Nm)20
Maximum Nij 0.36
Chest maximum compression (mm)26
Femur (kN)
Left13.6
Right2.7
Knee displacement (mm)
Left10
Right1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left100
Right0
Maximum tibia
Left0.90
Right0.40
Maximum tibia index
Left0.90
Right0.40
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left1.0
Right4.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left47
Right69

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Two moderate overlap frontal tests of the Escape were conducted, one by the Institute and the other by Ford as part of frontal crash test verification. Ratings are based on both tests, but the vehicle specifications and photos are provided for the Institute’s test.

Injury measures

In each test, measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled in both tests. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, its head contacted the side curtain airbag.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Ford Escape SE 4wd
Weight 3,675 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase106 in.
Length178 in.
Width72 in.
Engine1.6-liter turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTF1205CEF1206
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)68
Left (cm)812
Center (cm)810
Right (cm)87
Brake pedal (cm)32
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)11
Right (cm)11
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)13
Rearward (cm)-11
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)11

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTF1205CEF1206
Head
HIC-15223212
Peak gs at hard contactno contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.1 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm)12 23
Maximum Nij 0.22 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm)24 26
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)0.6 0.4
Femur force - right (kN)0.6 0.5
Knee displacement - left (mm)1 0
Knee displacement - right (mm)1 0
Maximum tibia index - left0.27 0.26
Maximum tibia index - right0.35 0.36
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.71.6
Tibia axial force - right (kN)2.02.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left3861
Right8585

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Side impact ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Ford as part of side crash test verification.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Ford Escape SE 4wd
Weight 3,695 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase106 in.
Length178 in.
Width72 in.
Engine1.6-liter turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTS1203
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-19.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTS1203
Head HIC-15160
Neck
Tension (kN)0.8
Compression (kN)0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)41
Lateral force (kN)1.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)27
Average deflection (mm)21
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)2.70
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.29
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.6
Acetabulum force (kN)1.5
Combined force (kN)3.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.5
L-M moment (Nm)47
A-P moment (Nm) -25

Passenger injury measures

Test IDVTS1203
Head HIC-15118
Neck
Tension (kN)0.2
Compression (kN)0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)37
Lateral force (kN)2.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)32
Average deflection (mm)19
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.00
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.41
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.5
Acetabulum force (kN)2.5
Combined force (kN)2.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.3
L-M moment (Nm)50
A-P moment (Nm) 18

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight3,612 lbs
Peak force18,167 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio5.03
Tested vehicle
2013 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Head restraints & seats ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual cloth seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typeManual cloth seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)12
Distance below top of head (mm)-11
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)12.1
Head contact time (ms)46
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)7
Max neck tension (N)324

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Not Available

Forward collision warning

Not available.
0 points

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

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