Applies to 2005-07 models built after August 2004
|Structure and safety cage|
|Driver injury measures|
|Rear passenger injury measures|
|Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.
The Ford Escape and Mazda Tribute were introduced in the 2001 model year, and the Mercury Mariner was introduced in 2005. The Mazda Tribute skipped the 2007 model year but reappeared for 2008.
Two tests of a 2003 Escape were conducted, one with an optional side airbag for the driver, and one without. The optional side airbags were then changed from combination front seat-mounted head and torso airbags to front and rear head curtain airbags for 2005 models built through August 2004. Beginning with 2005 and later Escape, Tribute, and Mariner models manufactured after August 2004, front seat-mounted torso airbags were added to the optional front and rear head curtains (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door). A third test of an Escape, a 2005 model with all of the airbag changes, was then conducted. Injury and head protection ratings are based on only the latest test, but
structural ratings are based on all three tests.
Beginning with 2008 models of the Escape, Tribute, and Mariner, the side airbags were made standard, and electronic stability control was introduced as a standard feature. Note: These ratings and specifications do not apply to the hybrid (gas-electric) versions of the Escape and Mariner.
Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that a fracture of the pelvis would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.
Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.
Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the seat.
Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.
Tested vehicle specifications
|Tested vehicle||2005 Ford Escape XLT 4wd|
|Weight|| 3,569 lbs.|
|Side airbags||optional front and rear head curtain airbags and optional front seat-mounted torso airbags|
|Engine||3.0 L V6|
|EPA ratings||18 mpg city / 22 mpg highway|
How this test is conducted
Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side
|B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) |
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
Driver injury measures
|Lateral deflection (mm)||47|
|Lateral force (kN)||2.1|
|Maximum deflection (mm)||32|
|Average deflection (mm)||26|
|Maximum deflection rate (m/s)||3.45|
|Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)||0.47|
|Iliac force (kN)||2.2|
|Acetabulum force (kN)||3.8|
|Combined force (kN)||5.6|
Passenger injury measures
|Lateral deflection (mm)||38|
|Lateral force (kN)||2.0|
|Maximum deflection (mm)||37|
|Average deflection (mm)||26|
|Maximum deflection rate (m/s)||3.54|
|Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)||0.49|
|Iliac force (kN)||0.7|
|Acetabulum force (kN)||3.4|
|Combined force (kN)||3.8|