Applies to 2001-07 models
|Structure and safety cage|
|Driver injury measures|
|Rear passenger injury measures|
|Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.
The Ford Escape and Mazda Tribute were introduced in the 2001 model year, and the Mercury Mariner was introduced in 2005. The Mazda Tribute skipped the 2007 model year but reappeared the following year.
Two tests of a 2003 Escape were conducted, one with an optional side airbag for the driver, and one without. A third test of an Escape, a 2005 model, was conducted because the side airbags were changed beginning with 2005 models to include protection for the rear passenger. These vehicles are rated separately, except that the injury and head protection ratings for the rear passenger are based on both tests of the 2003 models. Structural ratings for the three vehicles are based on all three tests.
Note: These ratings and specifications do not apply to the hybrid (gas-electric) versions of the Escape and Mariner.
Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures and/or internal organ injuries would be likely in a crash of this severity. Serious brain and neck injuries would also be possible. In addition, loading to the shoulder was excessive.
Passenger — Measures taken from the dummies in the two tests of the 2003 model, taken together, indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.
Driver — The dummy's head was hit by the intruding barrier, producing moderately high head injury measures.
Passenger — In both tests of the 2003 model, the dummy's head was hit by the pillar behind the rear passenger door. This pillar is required by federal standard to provide some protection for occupants' heads.
Tested vehicle specifications
|Tested vehicle||2003 Ford Escape XLT 4-door 4wd|
|Weight|| 3,417 lbs.|
|Side airbags||optional front seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags|
|Engine||3.0 L V6|
|EPA ratings||18 mpg city / 23 mpg highway|
How this test is conducted
Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side
|B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) |
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
Driver injury measures
|Lateral deflection (mm)||65|
|Lateral force (kN)||4.0|
|Maximum deflection (mm)||57|
|Average deflection (mm)||48|
|Maximum deflection rate (m/s)||5.64|
|Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)||1.57|
|Iliac force (kN)||1.7|
|Acetabulum force (kN)||2.8|
|Combined force (kN)||4.5|
Passenger injury measures
|Lateral deflection (mm)||46||46|
|Lateral force (kN)||1.9||1.8|
|Maximum deflection (mm)||41||43|
|Average deflection (mm)||31||33|
|Maximum deflection rate (m/s)||4.00||3.79|
|Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)||0.69||0.70|
|Iliac force (kN)||1.6||1.3|
|Acetabulum force (kN)||3.0||2.8|
|Combined force (kN)||4.2||3.8|