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2016 Ford Escape

Small SUV
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
  • Driver-side
    P
  • Passenger-side
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Not available

Headlights
P

Child Seat Anchors (LATCH)
ease of use
M

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The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Small overlap front Moderate overlap front Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention Headlights LATCH ease of use
Driver Passenger
2017
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
A
M
2016
P
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
P
M
2015
P
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
M
2014
P
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2013
P
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2012
G
G
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
G
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
G
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
G
M
G
Crash avoidance rating
2008
A
G
M
A
Crash avoidance rating
2007
A
G
P
A
Crash avoidance rating
2006
A
G
P
A
Crash avoidance rating
2005
A
G
P
A
Crash avoidance rating
2004
M
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2003
M
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2002
M
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2001
M
G
P
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2013-16 models

Overall evaluation
P
Structure and safety cage
P
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
P
Lower leg/foot
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
M
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2013 model year.

Structure

The driver's space was seriously compromised by intruding structure. Upper interior intrusion measured as much as 25 cm at the hinge pillar and 20 cm at the instrument panel. Lower interior intrusion measured as much as 17 cm at the hinge pillar.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left hip would be likely in a crash of this severity and injuries to the left and right lower legs would be possible.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side as the steering column moved to the right, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward side structure. Additionally, the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the dummy’s head and torso. The side curtain airbag deployed but does not have sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2013 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,644 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 106 in.
Length 178 in.
Width 72 in.
Engine 1.6 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1222
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 17
Footrest (cm) 11
Left toepan (cm) 11
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Parking brake (cm) 0
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 4
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 10
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 25
Upper dash (cm) 20
Lower instrument panel (cm) 14

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1222
Head
HIC-15 122
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.6
Extension bending moment (Nm) 20
Maximum Nij 0.36
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Femur (kN)
Left 13.6
Right 2.7
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 10
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 100
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.90
Right 0.40
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.0
Right 4.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 47
Right 69

Applies to 2013-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Two moderate overlap frontal tests of the Escape were conducted, one by the Institute and the other by Ford as part of frontal crash test verification. Ratings are based on both tests, but the vehicle specifications shown below are based on the Institute’s test.

Injury measures

In each test, measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled in both tests. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, its head contacted the side curtain airbag.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2013 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,675 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 106 in.
Length 178 in.
Width 72 in.
Engine 1.6 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1205 CEF1206
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 6 8
Left (cm) 8 12
Center (cm) 8 10
Right (cm) 8 7
Brake pedal (cm) 3 2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1 1
Right (cm) 1 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 1 3
Rearward (cm) 1 -1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1205 CEF1206
Head
HIC-15 223 212
Peak gs at hard contact no contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 12 23
Maximum Nij 0.22 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 24 26
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.6 0.4
Femur force - right (kN) 0.6 0.5
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.27 0.26
Maximum tibia index - right 0.35 0.36
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.7 1.6
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.0 2.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 38 61
Right 85 85

Applies to 2013-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Ford Escape was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Side impact ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Ford as part of side crash test verification.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2013 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,803 lbs.
Side airbags standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 106 in.
Length 178 in.
Width 72 in.
Engine 1.6-liter turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1203
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-19.5

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1203
Head HIC-15 160
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 41
Lateral force (kN) 1.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 27
Average deflection (mm) 21
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.70
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.29
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.6
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.5
Combined force (kN) 3.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 47
A-P moment (Nm) -25

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1203
Head HIC-15 118
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 37
Lateral force (kN) 2.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 32
Average deflection (mm) 19
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.00
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.41
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.5
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.5
Combined force (kN) 2.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 50
A-P moment (Nm) 18

Applies to 2013-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 3,612 lbs
Peak force 18,167 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.03
Tested vehicle
2013 Ford Escape SE 4-door 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2013-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual cloth seats

How this test is conducted

Seat type Manual cloth seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 12
Distance below top of head (mm) -11
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 12.1
Head contact time (ms) 46
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 7
Max neck tension (N) 324

Applies to 2013-16 models

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Not available
0 points total

Forward collision warning

Not available.
0 points

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available for this vehicle.
Trim level(s)
  • Titanium trim equipped with Equipment Group 301 package
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right and gradual left curves, fair on the sharp left curve and inadequate on the sharp right curve.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Excessive glare

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • Titanium trim equipped with Equipment Group 301 package
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 82.7 m None
Straightaway left edge 39.9 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 62.5 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 41.3 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 46.3 m None
150m radius left curve, right edge 41.2 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 127.2 m
Straightaway left edge 111.4 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 77.1 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 76.9 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 53.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 59.5 m

Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 112.7 m 272.2 %
Straightaway left edge 65.6 m 272.2 %
250m radius right curve, right edge 42.7 m 72.8 %
250m radius left curve, left edge 43.1 m 56.1 %
150m radius right curve, right edge 33.1 m 83.2 %
150m radius left curve, left edge 33.6 m 44.0 %
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 144.5 m
Straightaway left edge 121.8 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 55.5 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 60.8 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 43.2 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 44.3 m

Applies to 2015-17 models

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

M
Vehicle trim SE
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor and the ability to borrow lower anchors from the other seating positions.

Note: When anchors are borrowed, they aren't available to use in their designated positions.

1 2 3


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
Can be borrowed from 1 and 3
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 7
Clearance angle (degrees) 62
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 21
Clearance angle (degrees) 63
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Lower anchor B
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 19
Clearance angle (degrees) 64
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 21
Clearance angle (degrees) 46
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver knee airbag: a separate airbag in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Electronic stability control, includes roll stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights (optional on vehicles sold to fleets)

©1996-2016, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org