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2013 Fiat 500

Minicar

Crashworthiness
Front crash
prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Not Available
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  • Small overlap front
    P
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G
Ratings shown are the latest available for this model year.
See below for ratings based on manufacture date.
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Driver knee airbag: a separate airbag in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
3
Electronic stability control
4
Antilock brakes
5
Programmable daytime running lights
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
P
G
G
G
G
2013
P
G
G
G
G
2012
P
G
G
G
G

Applies to 2012-14 models

Overall evaluation
P
Structure and safety cage
P
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
M
Lower leg/foot
P
Restraints and dummy kinematics
P
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Fiat 500 was introduced in the 2012 model year. Chrysler/Fiat modified the seat structure to improve occupant protection in frontal crashes beginning with 2012 models manufactured after July 2011 (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door).

Structure

The driver's space was seriously compromised by intruding structure. Upper interior intrusion measured 17-19 cm at the upper hinge pillar and instrument panel. Lower interior intrusion measured as much as 21 cm at the hinge pillar and 20 cm at the footrest. The steering column was pushed back 7 cm toward the driver.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left lower leg would be likely in a crash of this severity. Injuries to the left thigh and right lower leg would be possible.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The driver door hinges were torn apart and the door opened at the front, which shouldn't happen because the driver could be partly or completely ejected from the vehicle. The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side as the steering column moved 11 cm to the right, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward side structure. The side curtain airbag deployed but does not have sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag deployed.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Fiat 500 Pop 2-door
Weight 2,433 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase91 in.
Length140 in.
Width64 in.
Engine1.4 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings27 mpg city / 34 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1325
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)21
Footrest (cm)20
Lower occupant compartment
Left toepan (cm)13
Brake pedal (cm)9
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)5
Steering column7
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)19
Upper occupant compartment
Upper dash (cm)17
Lower instrument panel (cm)19

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1325
Head
HIC-15151
Peak gs at hard contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm)45
Maximum Nij 0.52
Chest maximum compression (mm)19
Femur (kN)
Left8.2
Right4.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left15
Right4
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left19
Right2
Maximum tibia index
Left1.69
Right0.79
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left6.4
Right4.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left135
Right82

Applies to 2012-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
A
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Fiat 500 was introduced in the 2012 model year. Two tests of a 2012 Fiat 500 were conducted. In the first test, forces recorded on the dummy's head were high when it hit the steering wheel through the airbag, indicating that head injuries would be possible. Postcrash investigation revealed that a steel cross tube in the seat structure was pulled out at one end and contributed to the seat pitching forward during the crash and the dummy's head moving too far forward into the airbag. In response, Chrysler/Fiat modified the seat structure to improve occupant protection in frontal crashes beginning with cars manufactured after July 2011 (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door).

In the second test of a car built after the seat modifications were in place, forces on the dummy's head were reduced, but the driver door unlatched. Because the front end structure of the car was not affected by the seat modifications or the door opening, structure ratings are based on both tests.

Postcrash investigation indicates that the door opening occurred because the dummy's arm broke the interior door handle, and the access hole for a bolt at the dummy's elbow engaged and activated the door latch. The door opening in the second test is an artifact of the dummy arm construction. Therefore, it is unlikely that in an actual crash the door latch would be activated.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the neck and chest indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. Forces on the head when the dummy hit the steering wheel through the frontal airbag indicate that head injuries would be possible. Forces on the right foot indicate that foot injuries would also be possible.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement appeared to be well controlled even though the driver door opened. The driver side curtain and side torso airbags deployed during the crash. During rebound, the dummy's head contacted the side curtain airbag.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2012 Fiat 500 Sport 2-door
Weight 2,504 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase91 in.
Length140 in.
Width64 in.
Engine1.4 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings27 mpg city / 34 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF1106CEF1108
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)44
Left (cm)89
Center (cm)68
Right (cm)66
Brake pedal (cm)11
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)11
Right (cm)10
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)35
Rearward (cm)-10
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)11

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF1108
Head
HIC-15592
Peak gs at hard contact89
Neck
Tension (kN)1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm)34
Maximum Nij 0.26
Chest maximum compression (mm)24
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)1.5
Femur force - right (kN)1.6
Knee displacement - left (mm)5
Knee displacement - right (mm)4
Maximum tibia index - left0.75
Maximum tibia index - right0.59
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.6
Tibia axial force - right (kN)3.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left90
Right158

Applies to 2012-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
M
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Fiat 500 was introduced in the 2012 model year.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that a fracture of the pelvis would be possible in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2012 Fiat 500 Sport 2-door
Weight 2,504 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase91 in.
Length140 in.
Width64 in.
Engine1.4 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings27 mpg city / 34 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES1114
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-17.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES1114
Head HIC-15365
Neck
Tension (kN)1.4
Compression (kN)0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)31
Lateral force (kN)1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)36
Average deflection (mm)33
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)5.24
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.92
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)2.5
Acetabulum force (kN)4.0
Combined force (kN)6.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN)1.1
L-M moment (Nm)149
A-P moment (Nm) 24

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES1114
Head HIC-15525
Neck
Tension (kN)0.3
Compression (kN)1.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)42
Lateral force (kN)1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)39
Average deflection (mm)33
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)5.32
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.69
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.4
Acetabulum force (kN)3.3
Combined force (kN)4.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.6
L-M moment (Nm)74
A-P moment (Nm) -51

Applies to 2012-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight2,469 lbs
Peak force15,221 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio6.16
Tested vehicle
2012 Fiat 500 Sport 2-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2012-14 models built after July 2011

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual leatherette seat (AHR)

How this test is conducted

Seat typeManual leatherette seat (AHR)
Geometry
Backset (mm)35
Distance below top of head (mm)34
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)10.9
Head contact time (ms)55
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)32
Max neck tension (N)305

Applies to 2013-15 models

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Not Available
0 points total

Forward collision warning

Not available.
0 points

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

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