Applies to 2001 models
|Structure and safety cage|
|Restraints and dummy kinematics|
|Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.
The Dodge Grand Caravan and Chrysler Town and Country were redesigned for the 2001 model year.
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated the crashworthiness of the Grand Caravan in three 40 mph frontal offset crash tests into deformable barriers. After the first test, DaimlerChrysler indicated the results were different from tests the company had conducted and requested a retest.
Results of the second test were more consistent with company test results for structural performance, but the amount and pattern of intrusion were similar. More significantly, a fuel leak occurred, revealing a weakness in the design of a circular fitting where the fuel lines exit the fuel tank. Further examination of the fitting in the van tested first showed stress fractures in the same area as the leak in the second van.
A third test was conducted after DaimlerChrysler made a design change to fix the fuel tank fitting and retrofitted a 2001 model with the redesign (all 2002 and later models include the modification). Examination of the redesigned fitting after the third test indicated no damage.
Because the 2001 models were not recalled to fix the fuel tank fitting, the structural rating is Poor, as is the overall rating, because of the potential for fuel leakage in a crash of this severity.
Measures taken from the neck and chest indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity in all three tests. High accelerations occurred when the dummy's head hit the steering wheel through the airbag, indicating that injuries to the head would be possible in the first and second tests. Forces on the left femur indicate that injuries to the upper leg would be possible in the first and third tests. Forces on the right tibia and foot indicate that injuries to the lower right leg and foot would be likely in all three tests.
Restraints and dummy kinematics
Dummy movement was well controlled in all three tests. There was too much upward movement of the steering wheel in the second test.
Tested vehicle specifications
|Tested vehicle||2001 Dodge Grand Caravan Sport|
|Weight|| 4,224 lbs.|
|Side airbags||front seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags (in first and third vans tested, none in second van tested)|
|Engine||3.3 L V6|
|EPA ratings||18 mpg city / 24 mpg highway|
How this test is conducted
Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side
|Brake pedal (cm)||14||17||23|
|Instrument panel rearward movement|
|Steering column movement|
|A-pillar rearward movement (cm)||1||2||2|
Driver injury measures
|Peak gs at hard contact||81 ||no contact ||71 |
|Tension (kN)||2.0 ||1.9 ||1.8 |
|Extension bending moment (Nm)||30 ||19 ||18 |
|Maximum Nij ||0.43 ||0.41 ||0.38 |
|Chest maximum compression (mm)||34 ||41 ||51 |
force - left
(kN)||5.2 ||7.7 ||7.2 |
force - right
(kN)||1.9 ||1.6 ||2.1 |
displacement - left
(mm)||1 ||0 ||0 |
|Knee displacement - right (mm)||3 ||2 ||2 |
index - left||0.60 ||0.48 ||0.68 |
index - right||1.70 ||1.27 ||1.06 |
force - left
force - right
|Foot acceleration (g)|