Applies to 2013-16 models
|Structure and safety cage|
|Restraints and dummy kinematics|
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.
The Dodge Dart was introduced in the 2013 model year. Two tests of the Dart were conducted because electrical power to the onboard (car interior) cameras was interrupted during the first test. In the second Dart test, the driver door opened when the hinges tore away from the door frame. In the first test, the hinges were severely damaged and the lower one tore away, but the door stayed shut. In each test, the Dart’s safety belt and front and side curtain airbags appeared to adequately protect the dummy’s head and upper body, and measures from the dummy showed little risk of head and chest injuries.
As a result, the Institute averaged results of both tests and downgraded the Dart’s restraints and kinematics rating to marginal because doors shouldn’t open in a crash. Injury and structural ratings are based on both tests.
The driver space was maintained reasonably well in the two tests, taken together. Maximum intrusion of the lower interior was 21 cm at the lower hinge pillar in the first test, but much higher at 35 cm in the second test. All other intrusion measures were very similar between the two tests (varying by no more than 2 cm), with upper interior intrusion measuring 9-11 cm at the hinge pillar and instrument panel in the first test and 10-12 cm in the second test.
Measures from the dummies in the two tests, taken together, indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.
Restraints and dummy kinematics
The driver door opened in the second test, which shouldn't happen because the driver could be partly or completely ejected from the vehicle. Still, in the second test, the dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. (Camera views from outside the car suggest that dummy movement was very similar in the first test.) In both tests, the side curtain airbag deployed but does not have sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed in both tests.
Tested vehicle specifications
|Tested vehicle||2013 Dodge Dart SE 4-door|
|Weight|| 3,253 lbs.|
|Side airbags||front and rear head curtain airbags, front seat-mounted torso airbags, and rear seat-mounted pelvis airbags|
|Engine||2.0 L 4-cylinder|
|EPA ratings||24 mpg city / 34 mpg highway|
How this test is conducted
Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side
|Lower occupant compartment|
|Lower hinge pillar max (cm)||21||35|
|Left toepan (cm)||2||5|
|Brake pedal (cm)||4||2|
|Parking brake (cm)|
|Rocker panel lateral average (cm)||2||1|
|Upper occupant compartment|
|Upper hinge pillar max (cm)||11||10|
|Upper dash (cm)||10||12|
|Lower instrument panel (cm)||9||11|
Driver injury measures
|Peak gs at hard contact||no contact ||no contact |
|Tension (kN)||1.2 ||0.9 |
|Extension bending moment (Nm)||16 ||18 |
|Maximum Nij ||0.23 ||0.20 |
|Chest maximum compression (mm)||22 ||23 |
|Left||2.2 ||2.2 |
|Right||1.3 ||1.1 |
|Knee displacement (mm)|
|Left||8 ||4 |
|Right||1 ||1 |
|Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)|
|Left||0 ||0 |
|Right||0 ||0 |
|Maximum tibia index|
|Left||0.58 ||0.92 |
|Right||0.61 ||0.69 |
|Tibia axial force (kN)|
|Foot acceleration (g)|