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2016 Chevrolet Volt

Small car
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
  • Driver-side
    G
  • Passenger-side
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
with optional
equipment

Check for NHTSA recalls
Model year Small overlap front Moderate overlap front Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention Headlights LATCH ease of use
Driver Passenger
2017
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
G
M
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced

Applies to 2016-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
A
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Chevrolet Volt was redesigned for the 2016 model year. The car is a plug-in battery-electric/gasoline hybrid, featuring an electric-only mode with a range of 53 miles for 2017 models according to the EPA. After the electric-only mode ends, the gas engine kicks in to power the vehicle. Estimated gas mileage in this mode is listed in the specifications below.

Structure

The driver space was maintained well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 9 cm at the lower hinge pillar. Upper interior intrusion measured 7-8 cm at the hinge pillar and instrument panel.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s head contacted the frontal airbag but started to slide off the left side because the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the head and torso. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2017 Chevrolet Volt Premier 4-door
Weight 3,552 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 106 in.
Length 180 in.
Width 71 in.
Engine Electric drive unit with 1.5 L 4-cylinder gasoline engine
EPA ratings 43 mpg city / 42 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1623
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 9
Footrest (cm) 4
Left toepan (cm) 2
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 7
Upper dash (cm) 8
Lower instrument panel (cm) 7

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1623
Head
HIC-15 103
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.18
Chest maximum compression (mm) 19
Femur (kN)
Left 0.1
Right 0.6
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.57
Right 0.65
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.2
Right 2.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 33
Right 34

Applies to 2016-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
A
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Chevrolet Volt was redesigned for the 2016 model year. The car is a plug-in battery-electric/gasoline hybrid, featuring an electric-only mode with a range of 53 miles for 2017 models according to the EPA. After the electric-only mode ends, the gas engine kicks in to power the vehicle. Estimated gas mileage in this mode is listed in the specifications below.

Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by General Motors as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the head, neck, and chest indicate low risk of injuries to these body regions in a crash of this severity. Forces on the left tibia indicate that injuries to the lower leg would be possible.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, its head contacted the side curtain airbag and dislodged headliner.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2016 Chevrolet Volt LT 4-door
Weight 3,549 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 106 in.
Length 180 in.
Width 71 in.
Engine Electric drive unit with 1.5 L 4-cylinder gasoline engine
EPA ratings 43 mpg city / 42 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1618
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 5
Left (cm) 6
Center (cm) 9
Right (cm) 8
Brake pedal (cm) 5
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 3
Rearward (cm) -1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1618
Head
HIC-15 204
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 14
Maximum Nij 0.19
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.3
Femur force - right (kN) 0.8
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 2
Maximum tibia index - left 0.83
Maximum tibia index - right 0.64
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.8
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 65
Right 85

Applies to 2016-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Chevrolet Volt was redesigned for the 2016 model year. The car is a plug-in battery-electric/gasoline hybrid, featuring an electric-only mode with a range of 53 miles for 2017 models according to the EPA. After the electric-only mode ends, the gas engine kicks in to power the vehicle. Estimated gas mileage in this mode is listed in the specifications below.

Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by General Motors as part of side crash test verification.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2016 Chevrolet Volt LT 4-door
Weight 3,549 lbs.
Side airbags standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 106 in.
Length 180 in.
Width 71 in.
Engine Electric drive unit with 1.5 L 4-cylinder gasoline engine
EPA ratings 43 mpg city / 42 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1617
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-18.0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1617
Head HIC-15 366
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 23
Lateral force (kN) 1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 32
Average deflection (mm) 30
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.73
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.35
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.8
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.3
Combined force (kN) 2.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.4
L-M moment (Nm) 60
A-P moment (Nm) 95

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1617
Head HIC-15 228
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.7
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 19
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 21
Average deflection (mm) 17
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.31
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.12
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.5
Acetabulum force (kN) 0.8
Combined force (kN) 1.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.1
L-M moment (Nm) 40
A-P moment (Nm) 150

Applies to 2016-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 3,480 lbs
Peak force 17,081 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.91
Tested vehicle
2017 Chevrolet Volt LT 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2016-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual cloth seat

How this test is conducted

Seat type Manual cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 22
Distance below top of head (mm) 26
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 15.1
Head contact time (ms) 58
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 33
Max neck tension (N) 401

Applies to 2016-17 models

System details

  • Optional Low Speed Front Automatic Braking

Package name

  • Optional Driver Confidence Package II

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
with optional
equipment
4 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 5 mph.
1 point

How this rating is determined

1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver and front passenger knee airbags: separate airbags in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Electronic stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights

©1996-2016, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org