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2015 Chevrolet Trax

Small SUV
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
  • Driver-side
    G
  • Passenger-side
    A
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Not available

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The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Small overlap front Moderate overlap front Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention Headlights LATCH ease of use
Driver Passenger
2018
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
A
2017
G
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
A
2016
G
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
P
A
2015
G
A
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available

Applies to 2015-18 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Buick Encore was introduced in the 2013 model year and the Chevrolet Trax was introduced in the 2015 model year. Beginning with 2015 models of the Encore and Trax, the front-end structure was modified to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes.

Structure

The driver space was maintained reasonably well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 14 cm at the lower hinge pillar. Upper interior intrusion measured 12-14 cm at the instrument panel and hinge pillar.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2015 Buick Encore Convenience Group 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,355 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 101 in.
Length 168 in.
Width 70 in.
Engine 1.4 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 23 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1502
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 14
Footrest (cm) 9
Left toepan (cm) 8
Brake pedal (cm) 9
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 4
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 14
Upper dash (cm) 12
Lower instrument panel (cm) 12

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1502
Head
HIC-15 107
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 7
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25
Femur (kN)
Left 3.9
Right 0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 7
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 1
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.53
Right 0.33
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.8
Right 0.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 56
Right 49

Applies to 2015-17 models

Overall evaluation
A
Structure and safety cage
A
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
A
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Buick Encore was introduced in the 2013 model year and the Chevrolet Trax was introduced in the 2015 model year. Beginning with 2015 models of the Encore and Trax, the front-end structure was modified to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes.

Structure

The passenger space was maintained reasonably well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 13 cm at the lower hinge pillar. Maximum upper interior intrusion measured 10-12 cm at the dashboard and hinge pillar.

Passenger injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.

Driver injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s head contacted the frontal airbag but started to roll around the right side because the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the head and torso.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2015 Buick Encore Convenience Group 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,330 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 101 in.
Length 168 in.
Width 70 in.
Engine 1.4 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 23 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID CN15007
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 13
Footrest (cm) 11
Right toepan (cm) 7
Center toepan (cm) 1
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 4
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 7
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 12
Upper dash (cm) 11
Right lower dash (cm) 10

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CN15007
Head
HIC-15 110
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 8
Maximum Nij 0.17
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25
Femur (kN)
Left 0.9
Right 3.5
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 4
Right 5
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 1
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.58
Right 0.66
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.9
Right 2.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 46
Right 50

Driver injury measures

Test ID CN15007
Head
HIC-15 105
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 15
Maximum Nij 0.26
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 0.1
Right 0.8
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 4
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.19
Right 0.20
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.2
Right 0.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 35
Right 49

Applies to 2015-18 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Buick Encore was introduced in the 2013 model year and the Chevrolet Trax was introduced in the 2015 model year.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, its head contacted the side curtain airbag.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2013 Buick Encore 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,338 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 101 in.
Length 168 in.
Width 70 in.
Engine 1.4 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 23 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF1303
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 3
Left (cm) 6
Center (cm) 9
Right (cm) 6
Brake pedal (cm) 11
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -2
Rearward (cm) -7
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF1303
Head
HIC-15 194
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 12
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm) 29
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.2
Femur force - right (kN) 0.6
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.19
Maximum tibia index - right 0.30
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.5
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 36
Right 87

Applies to 2015-18 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Buick Encore was introduced in the 2013 model year and the Chevrolet Trax was introduced in the 2015 model year.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2013 Buick Encore 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,339 lbs.
Side airbags standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 101 in.
Length 168 in.
Width 70 in.
Engine 1.4 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 23 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1301
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-15.5

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES1301
Head HIC-15 189
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Compression (kN) 0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 31
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 31
Average deflection (mm) 27
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.08
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.29
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.5
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.8
Combined force (kN) 3.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 155
A-P moment (Nm) -22

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES1301
Head HIC-15 148
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 16
Lateral force (kN) 1.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 22
Average deflection (mm) 18
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.87
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.17
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.2
Combined force (kN) 1.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 53
A-P moment (Nm) 11

Applies to 2015-18 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 3,327 lbs
Peak force 15,414 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.63
Tested vehicle
2013 Buick Encore 4-door 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2015-18 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power leather seats

How this test is conducted

Seat type Power leather seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 4
Distance below top of head (mm) 10
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.3
Head contact time (ms) 56
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 27
Max neck tension (N) 371

Applies to 2015-16 models

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Not available
0 points total

Forward collision warning

Not available.
0 points

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver and front passenger knee airbags: separate airbags in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Electronic stability control, includes roll stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights

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