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2013 Chevrolet Malibu

Midsize moderately priced car

Crashworthiness
Front crash
prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
with optional
equipment
  • Small overlap front
    M
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags (standard); rear seat-mounted torso airbags (standard beginning with 2013 models built after July 2012, optional in earlier 2013 models)
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver and front passenger knee airbags: separate airbags in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Electronic stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
G
G
G
G
G
2013
M
G
G
G
G
2012
G
G
G
G
2011
G
G
G
G
2010
G
G
G
G
2009
G
G
G
M
2008
G
G
G
M
2007
G
G
A
2006
G
G
P
A
2005
G
G
P
A
2004
G
G
P
A

Applies to 2013 models

Overall evaluation
M
Structure and safety cage
M
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
M
Restraints and dummy kinematics
M
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Chevrolet Malibu was redesigned for the 2013 model year.

Structure

The driver space was not maintained well. Lower interior intrusion measured as much as 21 cm at the hinge pillar, and the upper hinge pillar and instrument panel intruded 15-18 cm.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left knee and left lower leg would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side as the steering column moved 14 cm to the right, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward structure. Additionally, the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the dummy’s head and torso. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Chevrolet Malibu Eco 4-door
Weight 3,579 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase108 in.
Length191 in.
Width73 in.
Engine2.4 L 4-cylinder (gasoline) and electric motor
EPA ratings25 mpg city / 37 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1218
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)21
Footrest (cm)15
Lower occupant compartment
Left toepan (cm)7
Brake pedal (cm)4
Parking brake (cm)0
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)3
Steering column5
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)15
Upper occupant compartment
Upper dash (cm)18
Lower instrument panel (cm)16

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1218
Head
HIC-1541
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.5
Extension bending moment (Nm)21
Maximum Nij 0.37
Chest maximum compression (mm)18
Femur (kN)
Left5.5
Right0.3
Knee displacement (mm)
Left17
Right1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left4
Right0
Maximum tibia index
Left0.83
Right0.40
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left2.8
Right1.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left79
Right43

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Chevrolet Malibu was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by General Motors as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, its head contacted the side curtain airbag and the dislodged headliner above the side airbag.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Chevrolet Malibu Eco 4-door
Weight 3,660 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase108 in.
Length191 in.
Width73 in.
Engine2.4 L 4-cylinder (gasoline) and electric motor
EPA ratings25 mpg city / 37 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTF1114
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)3
Left (cm)5
Center (cm)6
Right (cm)5
Brake pedal (cm)2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)0
Right (cm)0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)0
Rearward (cm)6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)1

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTF1114
Head
HIC-15327
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm)25
Maximum Nij 0.26
Chest maximum compression (mm)26
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)0.5
Femur force - right (kN)0.9
Knee displacement - left (mm)1
Knee displacement - right (mm)1
Maximum tibia index - left0.33
Maximum tibia index - right0.31
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN)2.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left51
Right58

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
A
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Chevrolet Malibu was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Initially, only the Eco model (a hybrid with a gasoline engine and an electric motor powered by a lithium-ion battery) was available in the new design. Other Malibu models with conventional powertrains were introduced later, when side torso airbags for rear seat occupants were made standard (they had been optional earlier). All Malibu models built after July 2012 have the standard rear side torso airbags (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door).

Two tests of the Malibu Eco were initially conducted, one by the Institute and one by General Motors as part of side crash test verification. Neither car had the optional rear side torso airbags. A third test, this time of a Malibu LTZ with the standard rear side torso airbags, was then conducted by General Motors. Rear seat dummy torso injury measures improved for the third car, but each of the three tests produced good injury ratings for the rear seat dummies. Therefore, the ratings below are based on all three tests. Specifications and photos are provided for the Institute test car.

Injury measures

Driver — In each of the three tests, measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Passenger — In all three tests, measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — In all three tests, the dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — In all three tests, the dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Chevrolet Malibu Eco 4-door
Weight 3,582 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase108 in.
Length191 in.
Width73 in.
Engine2.4 L 4-cylinder (gasoline) and electric motor
EPA ratings25 mpg city / 37 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTS1116CES1205VTS1204
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-15.5-16.5-18.0

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTS1116CES1205VTS1204
Head HIC-15440310390
Neck
Tension (kN)1.41.31.2
Compression (kN)0.20.20.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)504043
Lateral force (kN)1.61.61.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)414445
Average deflection (mm)363540
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)4.213.655.24
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.660.680.79
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)2.21.81.2
Acetabulum force (kN)3.32.12.7
Combined force (kN)4.93.53.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN)1.00.90.7
L-M moment (Nm)315822
A-P moment (Nm) 126-3399

Passenger injury measures

Test IDVTS1116CES1205VTS1204
Head HIC-15330310140
Neck
Tension (kN)0.40.20.2
Compression (kN)0.60.80.7
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)443213
Lateral force (kN)1.61.10.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)413020
Average deflection (mm)322316
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.643.482.39
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.640.320.18
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.40.20.2
Acetabulum force (kN)2.11.81.7
Combined force (kN)2.41.91.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.70.40.5
L-M moment (Nm)1812850
A-P moment (Nm) 68-9298

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight3,583 lbs
Peak force18,721 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio5.22
Tested vehicle
2013 Chevrolet Malibu Eco 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual power cloth seat

How this test is conducted

Seat typeManual power cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm)26
Distance below top of head (mm)9
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)12.3
Head contact time (ms)56
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)0
Max neck tension (N)300

Applies to 2013-15 models

System details

  • Optional Forward Collision Alert

Package name

  • Optional Advanced Safety Package

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Basic
with optional
equipment
1 point total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

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