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2016 Chevrolet Malibu Limited

Midsize car
2016 Chevrolet Malibu Limited
2016 Chevrolet Malibu Limited
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
    G
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
with optional
equipment

Headlights
P

Child Seat Anchors (LATCH)
ease of use
A

Check for NHTSA recalls

The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Front overlap Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention
Small Moderate
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Chevrolet Malibu was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Beginning with 2014 models, the front structure and door sill were modified to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes.

Beginning with the 2016 model year, the car was renamed the Malibu Limited and sold when new only to fleets. The Malibu Limited shares no ratings with the redesigned 2016 Chevrolet Malibu.

Structure

The driver space was maintained well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 9 cm at the footrest. Upper interior intrusion measured 5-6 cm at the upper hinge pillar and instrument panel.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2014 Chevrolet Malibu 1LT 4-door
Weight 3,470 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 108 in.
Length 191 in.
Width 73 in.
Engine 2.5 L 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 25 mpg city / 36 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1412
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 8
Footrest (cm) 9
Left toepan (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 2
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 5
Upper dash (cm) 6
Lower instrument panel (cm) 6

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1412
Head
HIC-15 112
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.16
Chest maximum compression (mm) 19
Femur (kN)
Left 1.2
Right 0.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.58
Right 0.43
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.9
Right 0.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 110
Right 51

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Chevrolet Malibu was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Beginning with the 2016 model year, the car was renamed the Malibu Limited and sold when new only to fleets. The Malibu Limited shares no ratings with the redesigned 2016 Chevrolet Malibu.

Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by General Motors as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, its head contacted the side curtain airbag and the dislodged headliner above the side airbag.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2013 Chevrolet Malibu Eco 4-door
Weight 3,660 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 108 in.
Length 191 in.
Width 73 in.
Engine 2.4 L 4-cylinder (gasoline) and electric motor
EPA ratings 25 mpg city / 37 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1114
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 3
Left (cm) 5
Center (cm) 6
Right (cm) 5
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) -6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1114
Head
HIC-15 327
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 25
Maximum Nij 0.26
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.5
Femur force - right (kN) 0.9
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.33
Maximum tibia index - right 0.31
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 51
Right 58

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
A
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

This rating applies to vehicles other than the specific model and body style tested.

The Chevrolet Malibu was redesigned for the 2013 model year. Initially, only the Eco model (a hybrid with a gasoline engine and an electric motor powered by a lithium-ion battery) was available in the new design. Other Malibu models with conventional powertrains were introduced later, when side torso airbags for rear seat occupants were made standard (they had been optional earlier). All Malibu models built after July 2012 have the standard rear side torso airbags. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.)

Two tests of the Malibu Eco were initially conducted, one by the Institute and one by General Motors as part of side crash test verification. Neither car had the optional rear side torso airbags. A third test, this time of a Malibu LTZ with the standard rear side torso airbags, was then conducted by General Motors. Rear seat dummy torso injury measures improved for the third car, but each of the three tests produced good injury ratings for the rear seat dummies. Therefore, the ratings below are based on all three tests. Specifications and photos are provided for the Institute test car.

Beginning with the 2016 model year, the Malibu was renamed the Malibu Limited and sold when new only to fleets. The Malibu Limited shares no ratings with the redesigned 2016 Chevrolet Malibu.

Injury measures

Driver — In each of the three tests, measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Passenger — In all three tests, measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — In all three tests, the dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — In all three tests, the dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2013 Chevrolet Malibu Eco 4-door
Weight 3,583 lbs.
Side airbags
Wheelbase 108 in.
Length 191 in.
Width 73 in.
Engine 2.4 L 4-cylinder (gasoline) and electric motor
EPA ratings 25 mpg city / 37 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1116 CES1205 VTS1204
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-15.5 -16.5 -18.0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1116 CES1205 VTS1204
Head HIC-15 440 310 390
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4 1.3 1.2
Compression (kN) 0.2 0.2 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 50 40 43
Lateral force (kN) 1.6 1.6 1.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 41 44 45
Average deflection (mm) 36 35 40
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.21 3.65 5.24
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.66 0.68 0.79
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.2 1.8 1.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 3.3 2.1 2.7
Combined force (kN) 4.9 3.5 3.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.0 0.9 0.7
L-M moment (Nm) 31 58 22
A-P moment (Nm) 126 -33 99

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1116 CES1205 VTS1204
Head HIC-15 330 310 140
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4 0.2 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.6 0.8 0.7
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 44 32 13
Lateral force (kN) 1.6 1.1 0.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 41 30 20
Average deflection (mm) 32 23 16
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.64 3.48 2.39
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.64 0.32 0.18
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.4 0.2 0.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.1 1.8 1.7
Combined force (kN) 2.4 1.9 1.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.7 0.4 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 18 128 50
A-P moment (Nm) 68 -92 98

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 3,583 lbs
Peak force 18,721 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.22
Tested vehicle
Beginning with the 2016 model year, the car was renamed the Malibu Limited and sold when new only to fleets. The Malibu Limited shares no ratings with the redesigned 2016 Chevrolet Malibu.
2013 Chevrolet Malibu Eco 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Manual power cloth seat

How this test is conducted

Seat type Manual power cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 26
Distance below top of head (mm) 9
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 12.3
Head contact time (ms) 56
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 300

Applies to 2016 models

System details

  • Optional Forward Collision Alert

Package name

  • Optional Advanced Safety Package

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Basic
with optional
equipment
1 point total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available for this vehicle.
Trim level(s)
  • LT trim
  • LTZ trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • LS trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the left side of the road and fair on the right side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • LT trim
  • LTZ trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge 74.7 m Yes
Straightaway left edge 32.8 m Yes
250m radius right curve, right edge 42.2 m Yes
250m radius left curve, left edge 35.1 m Yes
150m radius right curve, right edge 38.5 m Yes
150m radius left curve, left edge 32.2 m Yes
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 147.3 m
Straightaway left edge 131.1 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 60.8 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 62.7 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 47.0 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 47.9 m

Trim level(s)
  • LS trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge 66.3 m Yes
Straightaway left edge 33.7 m Yes
250m radius right curve, right edge 44.9 m Yes
250m radius left curve, left edge 36.5 m Yes
150m radius right curve, right edge 38.3 m Yes
150m radius left curve, left edge 32.8 m Yes
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 140.9 m
Straightaway left edge 144.7 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 58.5 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 59.9 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 44.3 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 46.3 m

Applies to 2016 models

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

A
Vehicle trim 1LT
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor, a single lower anchor and the ability to borrow the second anchor from another position.

Note: When anchors are borrowed, they aren't available to use in their designated positions.

1 2 3


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
1 dedicated anchor and 1 that can be borrowed from seat 3
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 15
Clearance angle (degrees) 61
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 14
Clearance angle (degrees) 60
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 14
Clearance angle (degrees) 61
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 17
Clearance angle (degrees) 74
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) N/A
Force (lbs) 11
Clearance angle (degrees) 74
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver and front passenger knee airbags: separate airbags in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Electronic stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights

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