Applies to 2016 models
|Structure and safety cage|
|Restraints and dummy kinematics|
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.
The Cadillac CTS was redesigned for the 2014 model year. Beginning with 2016 models, the front suspension steering links were modified to better control wheel movement during small overlap frontal crashes. The tested car was a 2015 model but was retrofitted by a Cadillac dealership with the revised steering links for 2016 models.
The driver's space was not maintained well, with intrusion of the upper interior of 15-16 cm at the instrument panel. Maximum intrusion of the lower interior was 16 cm at the footrest.
Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left hip and both lower legs would be possible in a crash of this severity.
Restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. However, the steering column moved upward 16 cm, resulting in little airbag cushioning for the chest. The side curtain airbag deployed in time to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.
Tested vehicle specifications
|Tested vehicle||2015 Cadillac CTS 3.6L Luxury Collection 4-door|
|Weight|| 3,768 lbs.|
|Side airbags||front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags|
|Engine||3.6 L V6|
|EPA ratings||18 mpg city / 29 mpg highway|
How this test is conducted
Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side
|Lower occupant compartment|
|Lower hinge pillar max (cm)||10|
|Left toepan (cm)||12|
|Brake pedal (cm)||11|
|Parking brake (cm)|
|Rocker panel lateral average (cm)||1|
|Upper occupant compartment|
|Upper hinge pillar max (cm)||10|
|Upper dash (cm)||16|
|Lower instrument panel (cm)||15|
Driver injury measures
|Peak gs at hard contact||no contact |
|Tension (kN)||0.9 |
|Extension bending moment (Nm)||5 |
|Maximum Nij ||0.20 |
|Chest maximum compression (mm)||19 |
|Knee displacement (mm)|
|Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)|
|Maximum tibia index|
|Tibia axial force (kN)|
|Foot acceleration (g)|