Home » Ratings » Buick Encore

2014 Buick Encore

Small SUV

Crashworthiness
Front crash
prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
with optional
equipment
  • Small overlap front
    P
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G
2013 Buick Encore shown
2013 Buick Encore shown
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver and front passenger knee airbags: separate airbags in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Electronic stability control, includes roll stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
P
G
G
G
G
2013
P
G
G
G
G

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
P
Structure and safety cage
P
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
A
Lower leg/foot
P
Restraints and dummy kinematics
P
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Buick Encore was introduced in the 2013 model year. Two tests of the Encore were conducted because the onboard (car interior) cameras failed during the first test. As a result, the restraints and dummy kinematics rating is based primarily on the second test. Injury and structural ratings are based on both tests.

Structure

The driver's space was seriously compromised by intruding structure. Lower interior intrusion measured as much as 32 cm at the hinge pillar in the first test, and upper interior intrusion measured as much as 31 cm at the hinge pillar in the same test. The instrument panel intruded 22-26 cm in the first test. Intrusion in the second test was somewhat less than in the first test but still extensive (upper hinge pillar and instrument panel intrusion was 17-23 cm).

Injury measures

Measures from the dummies in the two tests, taken together, indicate that injuries to the left knee and left lower leg would be likely in a crash of this severity. Injuries to the left thigh would be possible.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

In the second test, the dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side as the steering column moved 18 cm to the right, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward side structure and resulting in little airbag cushioning for the chest. (In the first test, the steering column moved 23 cm to the right.) Additionally, the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the dummy’s head and torso. The side curtain airbag deployed too late during the second crash and does not have sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag deployed in the first test but not in the second test.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Buick Encore 4wd
Weight 3,333 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase101 in.
Length168 in.
Width70 in.
Engine1.4 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings23 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1308CEN1311
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)3221
Footrest (cm)1116
Lower occupant compartment
Left toepan (cm)712
Brake pedal (cm)119
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)96
Steering column13
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)3123
Upper occupant compartment
Upper dash (cm)2619
Lower instrument panel (cm)2217

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1308CEN1311
Head
HIC-1576101
Peak gs at hard contactno contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.1 1.5
Extension bending moment (Nm)30 29
Maximum Nij 0.34 0.44
Chest maximum compression (mm)20 21
Femur (kN)
Left7.1 4.7
Right0.7 1.4
Knee displacement (mm)
Left21 19
Right2 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left11 3
Right0 0
Maximum tibia index
Left1.57 1.05
Right0.48 0.62
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left1.91.7
Right1.41.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left8950
Right5158

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Buick Encore was introduced in the 2013 model year.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, its head contacted the side curtain airbag.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Buick Encore Convenience 4wd
Weight 3,338 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase101 in.
Length168 in.
Width70 in.
Engine1.4 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings23 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF1303
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)3
Left (cm)6
Center (cm)9
Right (cm)6
Brake pedal (cm)11
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)0
Right (cm)0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)-2
Rearward (cm)7
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)0

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF1303
Head
HIC-15194
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm)12
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm)29
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)0.2
Femur force - right (kN)0.6
Knee displacement - left (mm)1
Knee displacement - right (mm)0
Maximum tibia index - left0.19
Maximum tibia index - right0.30
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.5
Tibia axial force - right (kN)3.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left36
Right87

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Buick Encore was introduced in the 2013 model year.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Buick Encore Convenience 4wd
Weight 3,339 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase101 in.
Length168 in.
Width70 in.
Engine1.4 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings23 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES1301
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-15.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES1301
Head HIC-15189
Neck
Tension (kN)1.2
Compression (kN)0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)31
Lateral force (kN)1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)31
Average deflection (mm)27
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.08
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.29
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.5
Acetabulum force (kN)1.8
Combined force (kN)3.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.2
L-M moment (Nm)155
A-P moment (Nm) -22

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES1301
Head HIC-15148
Neck
Tension (kN)0.3
Compression (kN)0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)16
Lateral force (kN)1.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)22
Average deflection (mm)18
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)1.87
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.17
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.2
Acetabulum force (kN)1.2
Combined force (kN)1.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.3
L-M moment (Nm)53
A-P moment (Nm) 11

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight3,327 lbs
Peak force15,414 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio4.63
Tested vehicle
2013 Buick Encore 4-door 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2013-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Head restraints & seats ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power leather seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typePower leather seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)4
Distance below top of head (mm)10
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)11.3
Head contact time (ms)56
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)27
Max neck tension (N)371

Applies to 2013-14 models

System details

  • Optional Forward Collision Alert

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Basic
with optional
equipment
1 point total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

©1996-2014, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org