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2016 Buick Encore

Small SUV
2015 Buick Encore shown
2015 Buick Encore shown
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
    G
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
with optional
equipment

Headlights
P

Child Seat Anchors (LATCH)
ease of use
A

Check for NHTSA recalls

The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Front overlap SideRoof strengthHead restraints & seatsFront crash prevention
SmallModerate
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2015
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2014
P
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2013
P
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic

Applies to 2015-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Buick Encore was introduced in the 2013 model year and the Chevrolet Trax was introduced in the 2015 model year. Beginning with 2015 models of the Encore and Trax, the front-end structure was modified to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes.

Structure

The driver space was maintained reasonably well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 14 cm at the lower hinge pillar. Upper interior intrusion measured 12-14 cm at the instrument panel and hinge pillar.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2015 Buick Encore Convenience Group 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,355 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase101 in.
Length168 in.
Width70 in.
Engine1.4 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings23 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1502
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)14
Footrest (cm)9
Left toepan (cm)8
Brake pedal (cm)9
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column4
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)14
Upper dash (cm)12
Lower instrument panel (cm)12

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1502
Head
HIC-15107
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm)7
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm)25
Femur (kN)
Left3.9
Right0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left7
Right2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left1
Right0
Maximum tibia index
Left0.53
Right0.33
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left1.8
Right0.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left56
Right49

Applies to 2013-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Buick Encore was introduced in the 2013 model year and the Chevrolet Trax was introduced in the 2015 model year.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, its head contacted the side curtain airbag.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Buick Encore 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,338 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase101 in.
Length168 in.
Width70 in.
Engine1.4 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings23 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF1303
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)3
Left (cm)6
Center (cm)9
Right (cm)6
Brake pedal (cm)11
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)0
Right (cm)0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)-2
Rearward (cm)-7
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)0

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF1303
Head
HIC-15194
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm)12
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm)29
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)0.2
Femur force - right (kN)0.6
Knee displacement - left (mm)1
Knee displacement - right (mm)0
Maximum tibia index - left0.19
Maximum tibia index - right0.30
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.5
Tibia axial force - right (kN)3.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left36
Right87

Applies to 2013-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Buick Encore was introduced in the 2013 model year and the Chevrolet Trax was introduced in the 2015 model year.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2013 Buick Encore 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,339 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase101 in.
Length168 in.
Width70 in.
Engine1.4 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings23 mpg city / 30 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES1301
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-15.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES1301
Head HIC-15189
Neck
Tension (kN)1.2
Compression (kN)0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)31
Lateral force (kN)1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)31
Average deflection (mm)27
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.08
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.29
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.5
Acetabulum force (kN)1.8
Combined force (kN)3.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.2
L-M moment (Nm)155
A-P moment (Nm) -22

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES1301
Head HIC-15148
Neck
Tension (kN)0.3
Compression (kN)0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)16
Lateral force (kN)1.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)22
Average deflection (mm)18
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)1.87
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.17
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.2
Acetabulum force (kN)1.2
Combined force (kN)1.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.3
L-M moment (Nm)53
A-P moment (Nm) 11

Applies to 2013-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight3,327 lbs
Peak force15,414 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio4.63
Tested vehicle
2013 Buick Encore 4-door 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2013-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power leather seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typePower leather seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)4
Distance below top of head (mm)10
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)11.3
Head contact time (ms)56
Force rating1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)27
Max neck tension (N)371

Applies to 2013-16 models

System details

  • Optional Forward Collision Alert

Package name

  • Optional Forward Collision Alert

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Basic
with optional
equipment
1 point total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

How this rating is determined

Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight typeHalogen projector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)?No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight typeHalogen projector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
High-beam assist?No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge71.2 mYes
Straightaway left edge34.2 mYes
250m radius right curve, right edge43.9 mYes
250m radius left curve, left edge35.7 mYes
150m radius right curve, right edge38.4 mYes
150m radius left curve, left edge34.0 mYes
HIGH BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge167.7 m
Straightaway left edge153.9 m
250m radius right curve, right edge55.8 m
250m radius left curve, left edge55.0 m
150m radius right curve, right edge46.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge44.4 m

Applies to 2016 models

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

A
Vehicle trimConvenience Group
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

123


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Open access ratedNo
Depth (cm)4-6
Force (lbs)31
Clearance angle (degrees)69
Lower anchor B
Open access ratedNo
Depth (cm)4-6
Force (lbs)28
Clearance angle (degrees)68
Tether anchor
LocationMiddle seatback
Confusing hardware presentYes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
LocationMiddle seatback
Confusing hardware presentYes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Open access ratedNo
Depth (cm)4-6
Force (lbs)24
Clearance angle (degrees)73
Lower anchor B
Open access ratedNo
Depth (cm)4-6
Force (lbs)25
Clearance angle (degrees)74
Tether anchor
LocationMiddle seatback
Confusing hardware presentYes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver and front passenger knee airbags: separate airbags in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Electronic stability control, includes roll stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights

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