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2017 BMW X3

Midsize luxury SUV
Crashworthiness
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
with optional
equipment

Headlights
M
with optional
equipment

Child Seat Anchors (LATCH)
ease of use
M


Ratings shown are the latest available for this model year.
See below for ratings based on manufacture date.

Check for NHTSA recalls
Model year Small overlap front Moderate overlap front Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention Headlights LATCH ease of use
Driver Passenger
2017
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
M
M
2016
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
M
2015
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Superior
2014
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2013
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
2012
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2005
G
P
Crash avoidance rating
2004
G
P
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2011-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The BMW X3 was redesigned for the 2011 model year. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, its head contacted the side curtain airbag.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2011 BMW X3 xDrive35i dr 4wd
Weight 4,112 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front door-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 111 in.
Length 181 in.
Width 74 in.
Engine 3.0 L turbocharged 6-cylinder
EPA ratings 19 mpg city / 26 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1024
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 2
Left (cm) 4
Center (cm) 4
Right (cm) 3
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 1
Rearward (cm) -3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1024
Head
HIC-15 194
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 7
Maximum Nij 0.17
Chest maximum compression (mm) 30
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.8
Femur force - right (kN) 1.9
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 2
Maximum tibia index - left 0.41
Maximum tibia index - right 0.43
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 52
Right 46

Applies to 2011-17 models built after March 2011

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The BMW X3 was redesigned for the 2011 model year. Beginning with 2011 models built after March 2011, the computer algorithm that calculates when to deploy the side airbags was optimized to improve occupant protection in side impact crashes. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.) Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW after the changes were made as part of side crash test verification.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2012 BMW X3 xDrive35i 4-door 4wd
Weight 4,239 lbs.
Side airbags standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front door-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 111 in.
Length 183 in.
Width 74 in.
Engine 3.0 L turbocharged 6-cylinder
EPA ratings 19 mpg city / 26 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1114
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-16.5

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1114
Head HIC-15 75
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 37
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 36
Average deflection (mm) 32
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 5.60
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.75
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.8
Combined force (kN) 4.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.4
L-M moment (Nm) 36
A-P moment (Nm) 13

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1114
Head HIC-15 254
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 1.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 22
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 28
Average deflection (mm) 17
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.71
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.33
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.5
Combined force (kN) 2.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 23
A-P moment (Nm) 34

Applies to 2012-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 4,135 lbs
Peak force 19,389 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.69
Tested vehicle
2012 BMW X3 xDrive35i 4-door 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2011-17 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power leather seats (AHR)

How this test is conducted

Seat type Power leather seats (AHR)
Geometry
Backset (mm) 40
Distance below top of head (mm) 34
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 16.2
Head contact time (ms) 42
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 333

Applies to 2017 models

System details

  • Optional Frontal Collision Warning with Extended Collision Mitigation

Package name

  • Optional Driver Assistance Plus/ACC Stop & Go + Active Driving Assistant

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Superior
with optional
equipment
6 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 11 mph.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 24 mph.
3 points

How this rating is determined

Applies to 2017 models

System details

  • Optional Frontal Collision Warning with City Collision Mitigation

Package name

  • Optional Driver Assistance Plus/Active Driving Assistant

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
with optional
equipment
3 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 8 mph.
1 point

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 7 mph.
1 point

How this rating is determined

Ratings are given for 3 different headlight variations available for this vehicle.
Trim level(s)
  • xDrive 35i trim
  • sDrive 28i trim equipped with HID Lighting package
  • xDrive 28i trim equipped with HID Lighting package
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type HID projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? No
Overall rating
M
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Some glare

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and fair on both left curves.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right curve and fair on the sharp right and both left curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • sDrive28i trim equipped with LED Lighting package
  • xDrive28i trim equipped with LED Lighting package
  • xDrive35i trim equipped with LED Lighting package
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? Yes
Overall rating
M
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit Some glare

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right and both left curves and inadequate on the sharp right curve.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • sDrive 28i trim
  • xDrive 28i trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • xDrive 35i trim
  • sDrive 28i trim equipped with HID Lighting package
  • xDrive 28i trim equipped with HID Lighting package
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type HID projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2017 models
M
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 109.2 m 9.6 %
Straightaway left edge 64.4 m 9.6 %
250m radius right curve, right edge 79.1 m 76.9 %
250m radius left curve, left edge 58.7 m 2.3 %
150m radius right curve, right edge 61.5 m 150.3 %
150m radius left curve, left edge 51.2 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 164.7 m
Straightaway left edge 130.6 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 81.6 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 71.4 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 62.0 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 60.5 m

Trim level(s)
  • sDrive28i trim equipped with LED Lighting package
  • xDrive28i trim equipped with LED Lighting package
  • xDrive35i trim equipped with LED Lighting package
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2017 models
M
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 89.4 m None
Straightaway left edge 51.2 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 58.2 m 23.3 %
250m radius left curve, left edge 46.6 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 46.3 m 139.6 %
150m radius left curve, left edge 44.6 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 151.9 m
Straightaway left edge 123.8 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 71.6 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 70.0 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 52.7 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 56.2 m

Trim level(s)
  • sDrive 28i trim
  • xDrive 28i trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2017 models
P
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 71.7 m None
Straightaway left edge 34.9 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 50.0 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 36.6 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 40.9 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 34.7 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 143.6 m
Straightaway left edge 107.8 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 56.3 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 52.2 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 47.3 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 42.2 m

Applies to 2016-17 models

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

M
Vehicle trim xDrive28i
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 40
Clearance angle (degrees) 65
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 35
Clearance angle (degrees) 66
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 40
Clearance angle (degrees) 71
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 23
Clearance angle (degrees) 71
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front door-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver knee airbag: a separate airbag in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Electronic stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights

©1996-2016, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org