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2016 BMW X1

Small SUV
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
    G
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
with optional
equipment

Headlights
M
with optional
equipment

Child Seat Anchors (LATCH)
ease of use
A

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The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Front overlap SideRoof strengthHead restraints & seatsFront crash prevention
SmallModerate
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
2015
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2014
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2013
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The BMW X1 was redesigned for the 2016 model year.

Structure

The driver space was maintained reasonably well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 9 at the lower hinge pillar. Upper interior intrusion measured 8-9 cm at the instrument panel.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left lower leg would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2016 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,682 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase105 in.
Length175 in.
Width72 in.
Engine2.0 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1608
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)9
Footrest (cm)6
Left toepan (cm)4
Brake pedal (cm)2
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)3
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column3
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)5
Upper dash (cm)8
Lower instrument panel (cm)9

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1608
Head
HIC-15187
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm)15
Maximum Nij 0.32
Chest maximum compression (mm)22
Femur (kN)
Left3.5
Right1.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left5
Right3
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left1
Right0
Maximum tibia index
Left0.92
Right0.54
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left1.0
Right1.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left78
Right43

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The BMW X1 was redesigned for the 2016 model year. Two moderate overlap frontal tests were conducted, one by the Institute and the other by BMW as part of frontal crash test verification. Ratings are based on both tests, but the vehicle specifications shown below are based on the Institute’s test.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummies in the two tests, taken together, indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled in both tests. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, its head contacted the side curtain airbag.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2016 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,704 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase105 in.
Length175 in.
Width72 in.
Engine2.0 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF1605VTF1509
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)62
Left (cm)96
Center (cm)118
Right (cm)118
Brake pedal (cm)41
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)12
Right (cm)11
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)-2-3
Rearward (cm)-64
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)11

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF1605VTF1509
Head
HIC-15208330
Peak gs at hard contactno contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.6 1.6
Extension bending moment (Nm)14 8
Maximum Nij 0.30 0.29
Chest maximum compression (mm)27 33
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)0.3 0.7
Femur force - right (kN)0.6 0.8
Knee displacement - left (mm)1 1
Knee displacement - right (mm)1 2
Maximum tibia index - left0.35 0.46
Maximum tibia index - right0.37 0.59
Tibia axial force - left (kN)1.82.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN)1.93.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left7460
Right115164

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The BMW X1 was redesigned for the 2016 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of side crash test verification.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2016 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,660 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase105 in.
Length175 in.
Width72 in.
Engine2.0 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings22 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTS1506
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-17.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTS1506
Head HIC-15110
Neck
Tension (kN)0.7
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)39
Lateral force (kN)1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)35
Average deflection (mm)31
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)4.40
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.54
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.2
Acetabulum force (kN)1.7
Combined force (kN)2.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.6
L-M moment (Nm)22
A-P moment (Nm) 45

Passenger injury measures

Test IDVTS1506
Head HIC-15150
Neck
Tension (kN)0.2
Compression (kN)0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)34
Lateral force (kN)1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)34
Average deflection (mm)25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)4.51
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.39
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.1
Acetabulum force (kN)1.7
Combined force (kN)1.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN)1.9
L-M moment (Nm)49
A-P moment (Nm) 162

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight3,638 lbs
Peak force18,643 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio5.12
Tested vehicle
2016 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power leather seat

How this test is conducted

Seat typePower leather seat
Geometry
Backset (mm)28
Distance below top of head (mm)12
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)14.6
Head contact time (ms)68
Force rating1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)12
Max neck tension (N)545

Applies to 2016 models

System details

  • Optional Collision Warning with City Braking function

Package name

  • Optional Driver Assistance Plus

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
with optional
equipment
4 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 10 mph.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 7 mph.
1 point

How this rating is determined

Ratings are given for 4 different headlight variations available for this vehicle.
Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Premium and Driver Assistance Plus packages
Low-beam headlight typeLED projector
High-beam headlight typeLED projector
Curve-adaptive?No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)?Yes
Overall rating
M
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Rating includes credit for high-beam assist

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right curve and inadequate on the sharp right and both left curves.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Premium package
Low-beam headlight typeLED projector
High-beam headlight typeLED projector
Curve-adaptive?No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)?No
Overall rating
M
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right curve and inadequate on the sharp right and both left curves.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Driver Assistance Plus package
Low-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)?Yes
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Rating includes credit for high-beam assist

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)?No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Premium and Driver Assistance Plus packages
Low-beam headlight typeLED projector
High-beam headlight typeLED projector
Curve-adaptive?No
High-beam assist?Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
M
LOW BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge81.4 mYes
Straightaway left edge51.4 mYes
250m radius right curve, right edge56.3 mYes
250m radius left curve, left edge47.7 mYes
150m radius right curve, right edge44.1 mYes
150m radius left curve, left edge42.2 mYes
HIGH BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge126.1 m
Straightaway left edge120.4 m
250m radius right curve, right edge57.4 m
250m radius left curve, left edge56.8 m
150m radius right curve, right edge44.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge46.2 m

Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Premium package
Low-beam headlight typeLED projector
High-beam headlight typeLED projector
Curve-adaptive?No
High-beam assist?No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
M
LOW BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge81.4 mYes
Straightaway left edge51.4 mYes
250m radius right curve, right edge56.3 mYes
250m radius left curve, left edge47.7 mYes
150m radius right curve, right edge44.1 mYes
150m radius left curve, left edge42.2 mYes
HIGH BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge126.1 m
Straightaway left edge120.4 m
250m radius right curve, right edge57.4 m
250m radius left curve, left edge56.8 m
150m radius right curve, right edge44.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge46.2 m

Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Driver Assistance Plus package
Low-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
High-beam assist?Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge60.3 mYes
Straightaway left edge34.6 mYes
250m radius right curve, right edge45.4 mYes
250m radius left curve, left edge36.2 mYes
150m radius right curve, right edge31.6 mYes
150m radius left curve, left edge33.8 mYes
HIGH BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge161.2 m
Straightaway left edge126.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge63.7 m
250m radius left curve, left edge59.5 m
150m radius right curve, right edge45.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge44.6 m

Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
High-beam assist?No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge60.3 mYes
Straightaway left edge34.6 mYes
250m radius right curve, right edge45.4 mYes
250m radius left curve, left edge36.2 mYes
150m radius right curve, right edge31.6 mYes
150m radius left curve, left edge33.8 mYes
HIGH BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge161.2 m
Straightaway left edge126.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge63.7 m
250m radius left curve, left edge59.5 m
150m radius right curve, right edge45.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge44.6 m

Applies to 2016 models

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

A
Vehicle trimXDrive28i
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

123


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Open access ratedYes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs)9
Clearance angle (degrees)39
Lower anchor B
Open access ratedYes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs)10
Clearance angle (degrees)40
Tether anchor
LocationMiddle seatback
Confusing hardware presentYes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
LocationMiddle seatback
Confusing hardware presentNo
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Open access ratedYes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs)10
Clearance angle (degrees)39
Lower anchor B
Open access ratedYes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs)7
Clearance angle (degrees)37
Tether anchor
LocationMiddle seatback
Confusing hardware presentYes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver and passenger knee airbags: separate airbags in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Electronic stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights

©1996-2016, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org