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2016 BMW X1

Small SUV
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
    G
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
with optional
equipment

Headlights
M
with optional
equipment

Child Seat Anchors (LATCH)
ease of use
A

Check for NHTSA recalls

The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Front overlap Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention
Small Moderate
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
2015
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2014
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2013
M
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
A
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The BMW X1 was redesigned for the 2016 model year.

Structure

The driver space was maintained reasonably well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 9 at the lower hinge pillar. Upper interior intrusion measured 8-9 cm at the instrument panel.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left lower leg would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2016 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,682 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 105 in.
Length 175 in.
Width 72 in.
Engine 2.0 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1608
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 9
Footrest (cm) 6
Left toepan (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 3
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 3
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 5
Upper dash (cm) 8
Lower instrument panel (cm) 9

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1608
Head
HIC-15 187
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 15
Maximum Nij 0.32
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 3.5
Right 1.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 5
Right 3
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 1
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.92
Right 0.54
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.0
Right 1.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 78
Right 43

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The BMW X1 was redesigned for the 2016 model year. Two moderate overlap frontal tests were conducted, one by the Institute and the other by BMW as part of frontal crash test verification. Ratings are based on both tests, but the vehicle specifications shown below are based on the Institute’s test.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummies in the two tests, taken together, indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled in both tests. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, its head contacted the side curtain airbag.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2016 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,704 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 105 in.
Length 175 in.
Width 72 in.
Engine 2.0 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF1605 VTF1509
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 6 2
Left (cm) 9 6
Center (cm) 11 8
Right (cm) 11 8
Brake pedal (cm) 4 1
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1 2
Right (cm) 1 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -2 -3
Rearward (cm) -6 4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF1605 VTF1509
Head
HIC-15 208 330
Peak gs at hard contact no contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.6 1.6
Extension bending moment (Nm) 14 8
Maximum Nij 0.30 0.29
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27 33
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.3 0.7
Femur force - right (kN) 0.6 0.8
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1 2
Maximum tibia index - left 0.35 0.46
Maximum tibia index - right 0.37 0.59
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.8 2.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.9 3.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 74 60
Right 115 164

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The BMW X1 was redesigned for the 2016 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of side crash test verification.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof and a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2016 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd
Weight 3,660 lbs.
Side airbags standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 105 in.
Length 175 in.
Width 72 in.
Engine 2.0 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings 22 mpg city / 32 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1506
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-17.5

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1506
Head HIC-15 110
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 39
Lateral force (kN) 1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 35
Average deflection (mm) 31
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.40
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.54
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.7
Combined force (kN) 2.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 22
A-P moment (Nm) 45

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1506
Head HIC-15 150
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 34
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 34
Average deflection (mm) 25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.51
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.39
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.1
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.7
Combined force (kN) 1.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.9
L-M moment (Nm) 49
A-P moment (Nm) 162

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight 3,638 lbs
Peak force 18,643 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.12
Tested vehicle
2016 BMW X1 xDrive28i 4-door 4wd
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2016 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power leather seat

How this test is conducted

Seat type Power leather seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 28
Distance below top of head (mm) 12
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 14.6
Head contact time (ms) 68
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 12
Max neck tension (N) 545

Applies to 2016 models

System details

  • Optional Collision Warning with City Braking function

Package name

  • Optional Driver Assistance Plus

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
with optional
equipment
4 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 10 mph.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 7 mph.
1 point

How this rating is determined

Ratings are given for 4 different headlight variations available for this vehicle.
Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Premium and Driver Assistance Plus packages
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? Yes
Overall rating
M
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Rating includes credit for high-beam assist

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right curve and inadequate on the sharp right and both left curves.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Premium package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? No
Overall rating
M
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right curve and inadequate on the sharp right and both left curves.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Driver Assistance Plus package
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? Yes
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Rating includes credit for high-beam assist

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)? No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Premium and Driver Assistance Plus packages
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
M
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge 81.4 m Yes
Straightaway left edge 51.4 m Yes
250m radius right curve, right edge 56.3 m Yes
250m radius left curve, left edge 47.7 m Yes
150m radius right curve, right edge 44.1 m Yes
150m radius left curve, left edge 42.2 m Yes
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 126.1 m
Straightaway left edge 120.4 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 57.4 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 56.8 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 44.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 46.2 m

Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Premium package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
M
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge 81.4 m Yes
Straightaway left edge 51.4 m Yes
250m radius right curve, right edge 56.3 m Yes
250m radius left curve, left edge 47.7 m Yes
150m radius right curve, right edge 44.1 m Yes
150m radius left curve, left edge 42.2 m Yes
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 126.1 m
Straightaway left edge 120.4 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 57.4 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 56.8 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 44.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 46.2 m

Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Driver Assistance Plus package
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge 60.3 m Yes
Straightaway left edge 34.6 m Yes
250m radius right curve, right edge 45.4 m Yes
250m radius left curve, left edge 36.2 m Yes
150m radius right curve, right edge 31.6 m Yes
150m radius left curve, left edge 33.8 m Yes
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 161.2 m
Straightaway left edge 126.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 63.7 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 59.5 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 45.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 44.6 m

Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge 60.3 m Yes
Straightaway left edge 34.6 m Yes
250m radius right curve, right edge 45.4 m Yes
250m radius left curve, left edge 36.2 m Yes
150m radius right curve, right edge 31.6 m Yes
150m radius left curve, left edge 33.8 m Yes
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 161.2 m
Straightaway left edge 126.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 63.7 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 59.5 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 45.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 44.6 m

Applies to 2016 models

How this rating is determined

Overall evaluation

A
Vehicle trim XDrive28i
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3


Good
Acceptable
Marginal
Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
Tether anchor
Lower anchors
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors

Seat position 21

3
Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 9
Clearance angle (degrees) 39
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 10
Clearance angle (degrees) 40
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2
Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1
Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 10
Clearance angle (degrees) 39
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 7
Clearance angle (degrees) 37
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver and passenger knee airbags: separate airbags in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Electronic stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Daytime running lights

©1996-2016, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org