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2014 BMW 3 series

Midsize luxury/near luxury car

Crashworthiness
Front crash
prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Basic
autobrake
not tested
with optional
equipment
  • Small overlap front
    M
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G
2012 BMW 3 series shown
2012 BMW 3 series shown
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Driver and front passenger knee airbags: separate airbags in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
3
Electronic stability control
4
Antilock brakes
5
Daytime running lights
Model yearFront small overlapFront moderate overlapSideRoof strengthHead restraints & seats
2014
M
G
G
G
G
2013
M
G
G
G
G
2012
M
G
G
G
G
2011
G
G
A
G
2010
G
G
A
G
2009
G
G
A
G
2008
G
G
A
A
2007
G
G
A
A
2006
G
G
A
A
2005
G
P
2004
G
P
2003
G
P
2002
G
P
2001
G
2000
G

Applies to 2012-14 models

Overall evaluation
M
Structure and safety cage
M
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
P
Restraints and dummy kinematics
A
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The BMW 3 series sedan was redesigned for the 2012 model year.

Structure

The driver space was not maintained well. The footrest was pushed in toward the driver 40 cm, while the instrument panel intruded as much as 16 cm.

Injury measures

Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left lower leg would be likely in a crash of this severity. Injuries to the right lower leg would be possible. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. However, the steering column moved upward 16 cm, resulting in little airbag cushioning for the chest. Additionally, the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the dummy’s head and torso. The side curtain airbag deployed but does not have sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2012 BMW 328i 4-door
Weight 3,404 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase111 in.
Length183 in.
Width71 in.
Engine2.0 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings24 mpg city / 36 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1204
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)10
Footrest (cm)40
Lower occupant compartment
Left toepan (cm)34
Brake pedal (cm)24
Parking brake (cm)0
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)1
Steering column1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)6
Upper occupant compartment
Upper dash (cm)16
Lower instrument panel (cm)15

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1204
Head
HIC-15238
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm)25
Maximum Nij 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm)21
Femur (kN)
Left2.0
Right2.3
Knee displacement (mm)
Left6
Right3
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left0
Right0
Maximum tibia index
Left2.07
Right0.46
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left4.0
Right5.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left128
Right70

Applies to 2012-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The BMW 3 series sedan was redesigned for the 2012 model year. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity. Head acceleration from the roof rail hit was low.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit the roof rail.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2012 BMW 328i 4-door
Weight 3,417 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase111 in.
Length183 in.
Width71 in.
Engine2.0 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings24 mpg city / 36 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTF1118
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)4
Left (cm)4
Center (cm)3
Right (cm)1
Brake pedal (cm)2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)0
Right (cm)0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)0
Rearward (cm)5
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)0

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTF1118
Head
HIC-15132
Peak gs at hard contact15.000000
Neck
Tension (kN)1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm)8
Maximum Nij 0.20
Chest maximum compression (mm)26
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)1.4
Femur force - right (kN)1.7
Knee displacement - left (mm)1
Knee displacement - right (mm)2
Maximum tibia index - left0.38
Maximum tibia index - right0.30
Tibia axial force - left (kN)3.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN)3.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left60
Right61

Applies to 2012-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
A
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The BMW 3 series sedan was redesigned for the 2012 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by BMW as part of side crash test verification.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2012 BMW 335i 4-door
Weight 3,560 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase111 in.
Length183 in.
Width71 in.
Engine3.0 L turbocharged 6-cylinder
EPA ratings23 mpg city / 33 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDVTS1120
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-16.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDVTS1120
Head HIC-15323
Neck
Tension (kN)1.2
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)41
Lateral force (kN)1.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)40
Average deflection (mm)36
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.37
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.72
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)2.8
Acetabulum force (kN)1.7
Combined force (kN)4.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.3
L-M moment (Nm)157
A-P moment (Nm) 64

Passenger injury measures

Test IDVTS1120
Head HIC-15125
Neck
Tension (kN)0.4
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)14
Lateral force (kN)0.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)21
Average deflection (mm)17
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)1.69
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.18
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)1.2
Acetabulum force (kN)0.6
Combined force (kN)1.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.5
L-M moment (Nm)128
A-P moment (Nm) 44

Applies to 2012-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight3,516 lbs
Peak force17,527 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio4.98
Tested vehicle
2012 BMW 335i 4-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2012-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Head restraints & seats ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power leather seats

How this test is conducted

Seat typePower leather seats
Geometry
Backset (mm)44
Distance below top of head (mm)23
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)11.9
Head contact time (ms)68
Force ratingLow
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)51
Max neck tension (N)631

Applies to 2014 models

System details

  • Optional Collision Warning with City Braking function

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Basic
autobrake
not tested
with optional
equipment
1 point total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

Autobrake not tested.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Autobrake not tested.
0 points

How this rating is determined

Applies to 2013-14 models

System details

  • Optional Collision Warning with braking function

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Basic
with optional
equipment
1 point total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

High-speed autobrake

Not available.
0 points

Tested vehicle

2013 BMW 328i 4-door

How this rating is determined

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