Applies to 2016 models
|Structure and safety cage|
|Restraints and dummy kinematics|
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.
The BMW 3 series sedan was redesigned for the 2012 model year. Beginning with 2016 models, a front suspension change was made to better control wheel movement during small overlap frontal crashes. The change, however, wasn't enough to improve the car's performance in the small overlap test.
The driver's space was not maintained well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 31 cm at the footrest. Upper interior intrusion was much less, measuring 8 cm at the upper hinge pillar and 5-6 cm at the instrument panel. The dummy's right foot was trapped between the brake pedal and toepan, and the pedal had to be cut off to free the foot.
Measures from the dummy indicate that injuries to the left lower leg, left foot, and right lower leg would be possible in a crash of this severity.
Restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.
Tested vehicle specifications
|Tested vehicle||2016 BMW 328i 4-door|
|Weight|| 3,505 lbs.|
|Side airbags||front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags|
|Engine||2.0 L turbocharged 4-cylinder|
|EPA ratings||23 mpg city / 35 mpg highway|
How this test is conducted
Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side
|Lower occupant compartment|
|Lower hinge pillar max (cm)||9|
|Left toepan (cm)||28|
|Brake pedal (cm)||18|
|Parking brake (cm)|
|Rocker panel lateral average (cm)||0|
|Upper occupant compartment|
|Upper hinge pillar max (cm)||8|
|Upper dash (cm)||6|
|Lower instrument panel (cm)||5|
Driver injury measures
|Peak gs at hard contact||no contact |
|Tension (kN)||no data |
|Extension bending moment (Nm)||no data |
|Maximum Nij ||0.00 |
|Chest maximum compression (mm)||21 |
|Knee displacement (mm)|
|Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)|
|Maximum tibia index|
|Tibia axial force (kN)|
|Foot acceleration (g)|