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2016 BMW 2 series

Midsize luxury car
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
    G
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Roof strength
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

Crash avoidance & Mitigation
Front crash prevention
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
with optional
equipment

Headlights
M
with optional
equipment


Ratings shown are the latest available for this model year.
See below for ratings based on manufacture date.

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The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Front overlap SideRoof strengthHead restraints & seatsFront crash prevention
SmallModerate
2016
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
2015
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
2014
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Advanced

Applies to 2014-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The BMW 1 series was redesigned for the 2014 model year and renamed the 2 series.

Structure

The driver space was maintained reasonably well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 29 cm at the footrest and 28 cm at the left toepan. Upper interior intrusion measured 7-8 cm at the upper hinge pillar and instrument panel.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2014 BMW 228i 2-door
Weight 3,326 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase106 in.
Length175 in.
Width70 in.
Engine2.0 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings23 mpg city / 36 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEN1409
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm)10
Footrest (cm)29
Left toepan (cm)28
Brake pedal (cm)18
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm)0
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm)8
Upper dash (cm)7
Lower instrument panel (cm)8

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEN1409
Head
HIC-15269
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm)21
Maximum Nij 0.27
Chest maximum compression (mm)17
Femur (kN)
Left2.0
Right1.9
Knee displacement (mm)
Left4
Right5
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left0
Right0
Maximum tibia index
Left0.67
Right0.76
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left3.7
Right3.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left136
Right83

Applies to 2014-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The BMW 1 series was redesigned for the 2014 model year and renamed the 2 series.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash. After the dummy moved forward into the frontal airbag, its head contacted the side curtain airbag.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2014 BMW 228i 2-door
Weight 3,303 lbs.
Side airbagsfront and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase106 in.
Length175 in.
Width70 in.
Engine2.0 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings23 mpg city / 36 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCEF1401
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm)1
Left (cm)1
Center (cm)1
Right (cm)1
Brake pedal (cm)1
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm)0
Right (cm)0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm)-1
Rearward (cm)-6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm)0

Driver injury measures

Test IDCEF1401
Head
HIC-15122
Peak gs at hard contactno contact
Neck
Tension (kN)0.7
Extension bending moment (Nm)12
Maximum Nij 0.19
Chest maximum compression (mm)19
Legs
Femur force - left (kN)0.9
Femur force - right (kN)1.4
Knee displacement - left (mm)1
Knee displacement - right (mm)1
Maximum tibia index - left0.34
Maximum tibia index - right0.35
Tibia axial force - left (kN)2.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN)3.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left48
Right54

Applies to 2014-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The BMW 1 series was redesigned for the 2014 model year and renamed the 2 series.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle2014 BMW 228i 2-door
Weight 3,297 lbs.
Side airbagsstandard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase106 in.
Length175 in.
Width70 in.
Engine2.0 L turbocharged 4-cylinder
EPA ratings23 mpg city / 36 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test IDCES1401
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-23.5

Driver injury measures

Test IDCES1401
Head HIC-15208
Neck
Tension (kN)0.7
Compression (kN)0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)36
Lateral force (kN)1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)37
Average deflection (mm)33
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)3.50
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.65
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)0.9
Acetabulum force (kN)2.0
Combined force (kN)2.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.2
L-M moment (Nm)165
A-P moment (Nm) 20

Passenger injury measures

Test IDCES1401
Head HIC-15325
Neck
Tension (kN)0.5
Compression (kN)0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm)32
Lateral force (kN)1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm)18
Average deflection (mm)13
Maximum deflection rate (m/s)1.42
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s)0.14
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN)3.5
Acetabulum force (kN)1.6
Combined force (kN)5.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN)0.3
L-M moment (Nm)70
A-P moment (Nm) 24

Applies to 2014-16 models

Overall evaluation
G
Curb weight3,311 lbs
Peak force16,504 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio4.98
Tested vehicle
2014 BMW 228i 2-door
Roof strength test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

In the test, the strength of the roof is determined by pushing a metal plate against one side of it at a slow but constant speed. The force applied relative to the vehicle's weight is known as the strength-to-weight ratio. This graph shows how the ratio varied as the test of this vehicle progressed. The peak strength-to-weight ratio recorded at any time before the roof is crushed 5 inches is the key measurement of roof strength.

A good rating requires a strength-to-weight ratio of at least 4. In other words, the roof must withstand a force of at least 4 times the vehicle's weight before the plate crushes the roof by 5 inches. For an acceptable rating, the minimum required strength-to-weight ratio is 3.25. For a marginal rating, it is 2.5. Anything lower than that is poor.

How this test is conducted

Applies to 2014-16 models built after June 2014

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power leather seat

How this test is conducted

Seat typePower leather seat
Geometry
Backset (mm)32
Distance below top of head (mm)20
Seat design parameters
Pass/failPass
Max T1 acceleration (g)14.8
Head contact time (ms)62
Force rating1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N)39
Max neck tension (N)612

Applies to 2014-16 models

System details

  • Optional Collision Warning with City Braking function

Package name

  • Optional Driver Assistance Plus

Overall evaluation

Crash avoidance rating
Advanced
with optional
equipment
4 points total

Forward collision warning

This system meets the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's criteria for forward collision warning.
1 point

Low-speed autobrake

In the 12 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 10 mph.
2 points

High-speed autobrake

In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 7 mph.
1 point

How this rating is determined

Ratings are given for 4 different headlight variations available for this vehicle.
Trim level(s)
  • 228 trim equipped with Lighting and Driver Assistance packages
Low-beam headlight typeHID projector
High-beam headlight typeHID projector
Curve-adaptive?Yes
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)?Yes
Overall rating
M
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Rating includes credit for high-beam assist

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual left and both right curves and fair on the sharp left curve.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and on both left curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • 228 trim equipped with Lighting package
Low-beam headlight typeHID projector
High-beam headlight typeHID projector
Curve-adaptive?Yes
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)?No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual left and both right curves and fair on the sharp left curve.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • 222 trim equipped with Driver Assistance Plus package
Low-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)?Yes
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Rating includes credit for high-beam assist

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • 228 trim
Low-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
Automatically switches between low beams and high beams (high-beam assist)?No
Overall rating
P
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams

On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never created excessive glare.

High beams

On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

How this test is conducted

Trim level(s)
  • 228 trim equipped with Lighting and Driver Assistance packages
Low-beam headlight typeHID projector
High-beam headlight typeHID projector
Curve-adaptive?Yes
High-beam assist?Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
M
LOW BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge77.0 mYes
Straightaway left edge29.2 mYes
250m radius right curve, right edge76.7 mYes
250m radius left curve, left edge40.5 mYes
150m radius right curve, right edge63.2 mYes
150m radius left curve, left edge38.1 mYes
HIGH BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge150.7 m
Straightaway left edge128.8 m
250m radius right curve, right edge85.6 m
250m radius left curve, left edge77.8 m
150m radius right curve, right edge66.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge63.7 m

Trim level(s)
  • 228 trim equipped with Lighting package
Low-beam headlight typeHID projector
High-beam headlight typeHID projector
Curve-adaptive?Yes
High-beam assist?No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge77.0 mYes
Straightaway left edge29.2 mYes
250m radius right curve, right edge76.7 mYes
250m radius left curve, left edge40.5 mYes
150m radius right curve, right edge63.2 mYes
150m radius left curve, left edge38.1 mYes
HIGH BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge150.7 m
Straightaway left edge128.8 m
250m radius right curve, right edge85.6 m
250m radius left curve, left edge77.8 m
150m radius right curve, right edge66.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge63.7 m

Trim level(s)
  • 222 trim equipped with Driver Assistance Plus package
Low-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
High-beam assist?Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge53.4 mYes
Straightaway left edge19.5 mYes
250m radius right curve, right edge32.7 mYes
250m radius left curve, left edge28.6 mYes
150m radius right curve, right edge27.1 mYes
150m radius left curve, left edge25.6 mYes
HIGH BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge128.9 m
Straightaway left edge113.0 m
250m radius right curve, right edge51.1 m
250m radius left curve, left edge55.1 m
150m radius right curve, right edge40.0 m
150m radius left curve, left edge42.9 m

Trim level(s)
  • 228 trim
Low-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
High-beam headlight typeHalogen reflector
Curve-adaptive?No
High-beam assist?No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016 models
P
LOW BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Acceptable glare?
Straightaway right edge53.4 mYes
Straightaway left edge19.5 mYes
250m radius right curve, right edge32.7 mYes
250m radius left curve, left edge28.6 mYes
150m radius right curve, right edge27.1 mYes
150m radius left curve, left edge25.6 mYes
HIGH BEAMSAverage minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge128.9 m
Straightaway left edge113.0 m
250m radius right curve, right edge51.1 m
250m radius left curve, left edge55.1 m
150m radius right curve, right edge40.0 m
150m radius left curve, left edge42.9 m

1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Rollover sensor: designed to deploy the side curtain airbags in the event of an impending rollover
3
Driver and front passenger knee airbags: separate airbags in the lower instrument panel designed to minimize knee injuries in frontal crashes
4
Electronic stability control
5
Antilock brakes
6
Programmable daytime running lights

©1996-2016, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute | www.iihs.org