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2009 Acura TL

Midsize luxury car
Crashworthiness
  • Small overlap front
    G
  • Moderate overlap front
    G
  • Side
    G
  • Head restraints & seats
    G

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The photos and videos shown here may be of a different model, model year or body type from the one selected. The ratings of one vehicle often apply to other models if they are built on the same platform. In addition, a test of a vehicle from one model year may apply to earlier or later model years if the vehicle hasn't been significantly redesigned.

Model year Front overlap Side Roof strength Head restraints & seats Front crash prevention
Small Moderate
2014
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2013
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
Not available
2012
G
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2011
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2010
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2009
G
G
G
G
Crash avoidance rating
2008
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2007
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2006
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2005
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2004
G
G
M
Crash avoidance rating
2003
G
Crash avoidance rating
2002
G
Crash avoidance rating
2001
G
Crash avoidance rating
2000
G
Crash avoidance rating
1999
G
Crash avoidance rating

Applies to 2009-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
A
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Hip/thigh
G
Lower leg/foot
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Acura TL was redesigned for the 2009 model year. Two tests of the TL were conducted because the onboard (car interior) cameras failed during the first test. As a result, the restraints and dummy kinematics rating is based primarily on the second test although camera views from outside the car suggest that there were very similar results in the first test. Injury and structural ratings are based on both tests.

Structure

The driver space was maintained reasonably well, with maximum intrusion of the lower interior of 18 cm and maximum intrusion of the upper interior of 10 cm.

Injury measures

In each of the two tests, measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

The dummy’s movement was well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. In both tests, the side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed in both tests.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2012 Acura TL 4-door
Weight 3,725 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 109 in.
Length 194 in.
Width 74 in.
Engine 3.5 L V6
EPA ratings 20 mpg city / 29 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1201 CEN1214
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 15 20
Footrest (cm) 11 6
Left toepan (cm) 2 2
Brake pedal (cm) 4 5
Parking brake (cm) 0 0
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 5 2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 2 3
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 9 12
Upper dash (cm) 9 11
Lower instrument panel (cm) 10 10

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1201 CEN1214
Head
HIC-15 41 55
Peak gs at hard contact no contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7 0.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 16 9
Maximum Nij 0.17 0.15
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25 27
Femur (kN)
Left 4.3 4.9
Right 0.2 0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 10 5
Right 0 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 2 3
Right 0 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.51 0.47
Right 0.42 0.48
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.3 2.3
Right 0.3 0.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 75 73
Right 40 23

Applies to 2009-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Injury measures
Head/neck
G
Chest
G
Leg/foot, left
G
Leg/foot, right
G
Restraints and dummy kinematics
G
Important: Frontal crash test ratings should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

The Acura TL was redesigned for the 2009 model year. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Honda as part of frontal crash test verification.

Injury measures

Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Restraints and dummy kinematics

Dummy movement was well controlled. The driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2009 Acura TL 4-door
Weight 3,730 lbs.
Side airbags front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 109 in.
Length 195 in.
Width 74 in.
Engine 3.5 L V6
EPA ratings 18 mpg city / 26 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occcupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF0814
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 3
Left (cm) 12
Center (cm) 12
Right (cm) 8
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) 6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF0814
Head
HIC-15 197
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 33
Maximum Nij 0.18
Chest maximum compression (mm) 24
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.1
Femur force - right (kN) 3.2
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.47
Maximum tibia index - right 0.52
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.4
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 76
Right 54

Applies to 2009-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Structure and safety cage
G
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
A
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
G
Torso
G
Pelvis/leg
G
Head protection
G
Side crash test ratings can be compared across vehicle categories.

The Acura TL was redesigned for the 2009 model year.

Injury measures

Driver — Measures taken from the dummy indicate that rib fractures would be possible in a crash of this severity. The risk of significant injuries to other body regions is low.

Passenger — Measures taken from the dummy indicate a low risk of any significant injuries in a crash of this severity.

Head protection

Driver — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Passenger — The dummy's head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side curtain airbag that deployed from the roof.

Tested vehicle specifications

Tested vehicle 2009 Acura TL 4-door
Weight 3,703 lbs.
Side airbags standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags
Wheelbase 109 in.
Length 195 in.
Width 74 in.
Engine 3.5 L V6
EPA ratings 18 mpg city / 26 mpg highway

How this test is conducted

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0847
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm)
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.
-13.5

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0847
Head HIC-15 245
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Compression (kN) 0.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 56
Lateral force (kN) 1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 47
Average deflection (mm) 41
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.96
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.81
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.7
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.1
Combined force (kN) 4.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.7
L-M moment (Nm) 122
A-P moment (Nm) 50

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0847
Head HIC-15 230
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.0
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 41
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 33
Average deflection (mm) 27
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.64
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.44
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.6
Combined force (kN) 1.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.9
L-M moment (Nm) 159
A-P moment (Nm) -31

Applies to 2009-14 models

Overall evaluation
G
Dynamic rating
G
Seat/head restraint geometry
G
Important: Ratings for head restraints & seats should be compared only among vehicles of similar weight.

Seat type

Power leather seats AHR

How this test is conducted

Seat type Power leather seats AHR
Geometry
Backset (mm) 36
Distance below top of head (mm) 31
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 12.8
Head contact time (ms) 61
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 3
Max neck tension (N) 222
1
Side airbags: front and rear head curtain airbags and front seat-mounted torso airbags
2
Electronic stability control
3
Antilock brakes
4
Daytime running lights

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