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Bumper evaluation program

The Institute's four tests (front and rear full-width impacts at 6 mph and front and rear corner impacts at 3 mph) produce the kinds and amounts of damage that commonly occur in low-speed collisions. Each vehicle is run into a steel barrier designed to mimic the design of a car bumper.

To determine the weighted average, the front full and rear full test damages are multiplied by 2 — because in the real world full-width impacts occur approximately twice as often as corner impacts — and that total is added to the front corner and rear corner test damages. The sum is then divided by 6.

For further information, see the bumper test protocols and our bumpers topic page.


Small cars
All models tested, in alphabetical order
Front full bumper test
Front full
test damage
Front corner bumper test
Front corner
test damage
Rear full bumper test
Rear full
test damage
Rear corner bumper test
Rear corner
test damage
Overall weighted
average damage
Ford Focus
2005 - 2007
$1,483 $1,219 $698 $654 $1,039
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of January 2009
Chevrolet Cobalt
2006 - 2010
$3,654 $1,169 $929 $1,101 $1,906
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008
Chevrolet HHR
2006 - 2011
$2,259 $1,491 $2,227 $1,440 $1,984
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008
Chrysler PT Cruiser
2006 - 2010
$3,642 $1,627 $2,138 $854 $2,340
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008
Dodge Caliber
2007 - 2012
$1,408 $1,285 $1,966 $663 $1,449
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008
Ford Focus
2008 - 2011
$588 $1,329 $529 $585 $691
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008
Honda Civic
2006 - 2011
$4,328 $917 $883 $751 $2,015
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008
Hyundai Elantra
2007 - 2011
$4,954 $2,090 $1,304 $628 $2,539
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008
Kia Spectra
2006 - 2009
$3,430 $979 $2,505 $675 $2,254
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008
Mazda 3
2006 - 2009
$1,117 $1,389 $1,120 $1,233 $1,183
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008
Mitsubishi Lancer
2008 - 2013
$1,939 $1,569 $1,642 $1,228 $1,660
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008
Nissan Sentra
2007 - 2012
$1,451 $1,684 $1,043 $730 $1,234
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008
Nissan Versa
2007 - 2011
$2,795 $1,213 $1,429 $715 $1,729
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008
Saturn Astra
2008 - 2009
$2,774 $962 $1,550 $612 $1,704
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008
Scion xB
2008 - 2013
$789 $1,028 $868 $1,012 $892
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008
Scion xD
2008 - 2013
$1,135 $594 $1,499 $907 $1,128
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008
Subaru Impreza
2008 - 2011
$2,023 $1,705 $893 $1,072 $1,435
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008
Suzuki SX4
2007 - 2013
$3,450 $965 $779 $657 $1,680
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008
Toyota Prius
2006 - 2009
$2,876 $1,208 $3,964 $1,022 $2,652
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008
Volkswagen Rabbit
2006 - 2009
$4,078 $1,841 $2,775 $817 $2,727
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008
Toyota Corolla
2009 - 2013
$3,444 $1,203 $863 $1,295 $1,852
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of April 2008

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