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Bumper evaluation program

The Institute's four tests (front and rear full-width impacts at 6 mph and front and rear corner impacts at 3 mph) produce the kinds and amounts of damage that commonly occur in low-speed collisions. Each vehicle is run into a steel barrier designed to mimic the design of a car bumper.

To determine the weighted average, the front full and rear full test damages are multiplied by 2 — because in the real world full-width impacts occur approximately twice as often as corner impacts — and that total is added to the front corner and rear corner test damages. The sum is then divided by 6.

For further information, see the bumper test protocols and our bumpers topic page.


Midsize moderately priced cars
All models tested, in alphabetical order
Front full bumper test
Front full
test damage
Front corner bumper test
Front corner
test damage
Rear full bumper test
Rear full
test damage
Rear corner bumper test
Rear corner
test damage
Overall weighted
average damage
Kia Optima
2006 - 2010
$1,794 $1,576 $1,729 $811 $1,572
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of July 2009
Volkswagen Passat
2006 - 2010
$5,252 $1,783 $1,149 $1,333 $2,653
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of July 2009
Chevrolet Malibu
2006 - 2007
$1,268 $1,610 $2,542 $1,226 $1,743
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of December 2006
Chrysler Sebring
2007 - 2010
$1,393 $2,484 $3,329 $1,346 $2,212
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of July 2009
Ford Fusion
2007 - 2009
$1,620 $991 $1,298 $1,121 $1,325
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of December 2006
Honda Accord
2006 - 2007
$3,469 $1,169 $2,763 $605 $2,373
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of December 2006
Hyundai Sonata
2006 - 2008
$4,312 $1,349 $739 $1,165 $2,102
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of December 2006
Mazda 6
2006 - 2008
$978 $1,384 $1,202 $1,397 $1,190
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of December 2006
Mitsubishi Galant
2006 - 2012
$969 $1,109 $990 $1,185 $1,035
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of July 2009
Nissan Altima
2007 - 2010
$922 $1,090 $3,309 $1,567 $1,853
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of July 2009
Nissan Maxima
2006 - 2008
$4,535 $1,732 $1,787 $997 $2,562
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of December 2006
Pontiac G6
2006 - 2010
$5,301 $1,361 $1,913 $1,801 $2,932
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of July 2009
Saturn AURA
2007 - 2009
$1,201 $1,235 $3,556 $1,091 $1,973
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of July 2009
Subaru Legacy
2006 - 2009
$4,049 $1,275 $1,169 $1,233 $2,157
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of July 2009
Toyota Camry
2007 - 2010
$1,041 $1,670 $1,612 $1,127 $1,350
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of July 2009
Volkswagen Jetta
2006 - 2011
$3,033 $1,525 $3,992 $1,959 $2,922
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of July 2009
Volvo S40
2006 - 2011
$2,776 $1,446 $1,065 $1,335 $1,744
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of July 2009
Chevrolet Malibu
2008 - 2012
$2,092 $1,685 $3,494 $1,116 $2,329
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of June 2009
Honda Accord
2008 - 2012
$941 $1,461 $974 $1,507 $1,133
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of June 2009
Hyundai Sonata
2009 - 2010
$1,791 $1,019 $1,131 $729 $1,265
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of June 2009
Mazda 6
2009 - 2013
$742 $1,437 $768 $767 $871
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of June 2009
Nissan Maxima
2009 - 2013
$997 $1,787 $2,494 $1,352 $1,687
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of June 2009
Ford Fusion
2010 - 2012
$2,529 $1,889 $2,610 $1,073 $2,207
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of June 2009
Subaru Legacy
2010 - 2013
$847 $850 $903 $778 $855
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of August 2009

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