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Bumper evaluation program

The Institute's four tests (front and rear full-width impacts at 6 mph and front and rear corner impacts at 3 mph) produce the kinds and amounts of damage that commonly occur in low-speed collisions. Each vehicle is run into a steel barrier designed to mimic the design of a car bumper.

To determine the weighted average, the front full and rear full test damages are multiplied by 2 — because in the real world full-width impacts occur approximately twice as often as corner impacts — and that total is added to the front corner and rear corner test damages. The sum is then divided by 6.

For further information, see the bumper test protocols and our bumpers topic page.


Midsize luxury
All models tested, in alphabetical order
Front full bumper test
Front full
test damage
Front corner bumper test
Front corner
test damage
Rear full bumper test
Rear full
test damage
Rear corner bumper test
Rear corner
test damage
Overall weighted
average damage
Acura TL
2006 - 2008
$4,985 $1,244 $3,814 $1,152 $3,332
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of March 2007
Acura TSX
2006 - 2008
$1,693 $1,276 $3,430 $1,140 $2,110
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of March 2007
Audi A4
2006 - 2008
$976 $2,038 $918 $1,899 $1,288
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of March 2007
BMW 3 Series
2006 - 2013
$3,658 $1,256 $989 $778 $1,888
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of March 2007
Infiniti G35/G37
2007 - 2013
$5,223 $3,544 $4,035 $1,181 $3,874
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of March 2007
Lexus ES
2007 - 2012
$3,921 $2,094 $3,709 $1,101 $3,076
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of March 2007
Lexus IS
2006 - 2010
$4,696 $2,223 $1,931 $817 $2,716
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of March 2007
Lincoln MKZ
2006 - 2012
$1,001 $1,966 $2,330 $670 $1,550
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of March 2007
Mercedes-Benz C class
2005 - 2007
$5,486 $964 $3,728 $877 $3,378
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of March 2007
Saab 9-3
2006 - 2012
$1,476 $1,076 $1,722 $969 $1,407
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of March 2007
Volvo S60
2006 - 2009
$4,517 $544 $2,142 $1,022 $2,481
+ Test details and photos Test damage estimates as of March 2007

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